Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2167–2177, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-2167-2022
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2167–2177, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-2167-2022
Data description paper
06 May 2022
Data description paper | 06 May 2022

HomogWS-se: a century-long homogenized dataset of near-surface wind speed observations since 1925 rescued in Sweden

Chunlüe Zhou et al.

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Cited articles

Alexandersson, H. and Moberg, A.: Homogenization of Swedish temperature data. Part I: Homogeneity test for linear trends, Int. J. Climatol., 17, 25–34, 1997. 
Azorin-Molina, C., Rehman, S., Guijarro, J. A., McVicar, T. R., Minola, L., Chen, D., and Vicente-Serrano, S. M.: Recent trends in wind speed across Saudi Arabia, 1978–2013: A break in the stilling, Int. J. Climatol., 38, e966–e984, 2018. 
Azorin-Molina, C., Guijarro, J. A., McVicar, T. R., Trewin, B. C., Frost, A. J., and Chen, D.: An approach to homogenize daily peak wind gusts: An application to the Australian series, Int. J. Climatol., 39, 2260–2277, 2019. 
Brázdil, R., Valík, A., Zahradníček, P., Řezníčková, L., and Tolasz, R.: Wind-stilling in the light of wind speed measurements: the Czech experience, Clima. Res., 74, 131–143, 2017. 
Capozzi, V., Cotroneo, Y., Castagno, P., De Vivo, C., and Budillon, G.: Rescue and quality control of sub-daily meteorological data collected at Montevergine Observatory (Southern Apennines), 1884–1963, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1467–1487, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-1467-2020, 2020. 
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Short summary
To fill the key gap of short availability and inhomogeneity of wind speed (WS) in Sweden, we rescued the early paper records of WS since 1925 and built the first 10-member centennial homogenized WS dataset (HomogWS-se) for community use. An initial WS stilling and recovery before the 1990s was observed, and a strong link with North Atlantic Oscillation was found. HomogWS-se improves our knowledge of uncertainty and causes of historical WS changes.