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ESSD | Articles | Volume 10, issue 3
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1265–1279, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1265-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1265–1279, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1265-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  13 Jul 2018

13 Jul 2018

Biophysics and vegetation cover change: a process-based evaluation framework for confronting land surface models with satellite observations

Gregory Duveiller et al.

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Alkama, R. and Cescatti, A.: Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover, Science, 351, 600–604, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac8083, 2016. 
Best, M. J., Pryor, M., Clark, D. B., Rooney, G. G., Essery, R. L. H., Ménard, C. B., Edwards, J. M., Hendry, M. A., Porson, A., Gedney, N., Mercado, L. M., Sitch, S., Blyth, E., Boucher, O., Cox, P. M., Grimmond, C. S. B., and Harding, R. J.: The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 677–699, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-677-2011, 2011. 
Betts, A. K. and Ball, J. H.: Albedo over the boreal forest, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 28901–28909, https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD03876, 1997. 
Betts, R.: Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo, Nature, 408, 187–90, https://doi.org/10.1038/35041545, 2000. 
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Short summary
Changing the vegetation cover of the Earth's surface can alter the local energy balance, which can result in a local warming or cooling depending on the specific vegetation transition, its timing and location, as well as on the background climate. While models can theoretically simulate these effects, their skill is not well documented across space and time. Here we provide a dedicated framework to evaluate such models against measurements derived from satellite observations.
Changing the vegetation cover of the Earth's surface can alter the local energy balance, which...
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