Articles | Volume 13, issue 9
Data description paper
29 Sep 2021
Data description paper |  | 29 Sep 2021

Long-term phenological data set of multi-taxonomic groups, agrarian activities, and abiotic parameters from Latvia, northern Europe

Gunta Kalvāne, Andis Kalvāns, and Andris Ģērmanis

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Cited articles

Ahas, R.: Phenological observations in Estonia, in: The history and current status of plant phenology in Europe, edited by: Nekovář, J., COST office, Brussels, Belgium, 64–68, 2008. 
Apsīte, E., Rudlapa, I., I. L., and Elferts, D.​​​​​​​: Changes in Latvian river discharge regime at the turn of the century, Hydrol. Res., 44, 554–569,, 2013. 
Avotniece, Z., Aòiskeviˇca, S., and Maïinovskis, E.: Klimatapārmaiņu scenāriji Latvijai, Climate change scenarios in Latvia, VSIA “Latvijas Vides, ģeoloģijas un meteoroloģijas centrs”, Riga, Latvia, 2017. 
Dierenbach, J., Badeck, F. W., and Schaber, J.: The plant phenological online database (PPODB): An online database for long-term phenological data, Int. J. Biometeorol., 57, 805–812,, 2013. 
Forrest, J. and Miller-Rushing, A. J.: Toward a synthetic understanding of the role of phenology in ecology and evolution, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci., 365, 3101–3112,, 2010. 
Short summary
A phenological (seasonal occurrences) data set in Latvia, northern Europe, is presented. It includes phenological phases of eight taxonomic groups such as timing of leaf unfolding, bird migration, and leaf senescence as well as weather phenomena and agrarian activities from 1979 to 2018. The data provide direct and compelling evidence of climate change like earlier spring blossom and delayed autumn phases of some migratory birds and plants in recent years.
Final-revised paper