Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 3469–3479, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-3469-2020
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 3469–3479, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-3469-2020

Data description paper 17 Dec 2020

Data description paper | 17 Dec 2020

The Berkeley Earth Land/Ocean Temperature Record

Robert A. Rohde and Zeke Hausfather

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Cited articles

Cowtan, K. and Way, R. G.: Coverage bias in the HadCRUT4 temperature series and its impact on recent temperature trends, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 140, 1935–1944, 2014. 
Cowtan, K., Hausfather, Z., Hawkins, E., Jacobs, P., Mann, M. E., Miller, S. K., Steinman, B. A., Stolpe, M. B., and Way, R. G.: Robust comparison of climate models with observations using blended land air and ocean sea surface temperatures, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 6526–6534, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL064888, 2015. 
Cowtan, K., Rohde, R., and Hausfather, Z.: Evaluating biases in sea surface temperature records using coastal weather stations, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 144, 670–681, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.3235, 2017. 
Freeman, E., Woodruff, S. D., Worley, S. J., Lubker, S. J., Kent, E. C., Angel, W. E., Berry, D. I., Brohan, P., Eastman, R., Gates, L., Gloeden, W., Ji, Z., Lawrimore, J., Rayner, N. A., Rosenhagen, G., and Smith, S. R.: ICOADS Release 3.0: A major update to the historical marine climate record, Int. J. Climatol. 37, 2211–2237, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4775, 2017. 
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A global land and ocean temperature record was created by combining the Berkeley Earth monthly land temperature field with a newly interpolated version of the HadSST3 ocean dataset. The resulting dataset covers the period from 1850 to present. This paper describes the methods used to create that combination and compares the results to other estimates of global temperature and the associated recent climate change, giving similar results.