Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1437–1465, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-1437-2020
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1437–1465, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-1437-2020

Review article 29 Jun 2020

Review article | 29 Jun 2020

A comparison of estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil carbon sources

Robbie M. Andrew

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Preprint under review for ESSD
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Cited articles

Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., and Meinshausen, N.: Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne, Nature, 458, 1163–1166, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08019, 2009. 
Andres, R. J., Boden, T. A., Bréon, F.-M., Ciais, P., Davis, S., Erickson, D., Gregg, J. S., Jacobson, A., Marland, G., Miller, J., Oda, T., Olivier, J. G. J., Raupach, M. R., Rayner, P., and Treanton, K.: A synthesis of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel combustion, Biogeosciences, 9, 1845–1871, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-1845-2012, 2012. 
Andres, R. J., Boden, T. A., and Higdon, D.: A new evaluation of the uncertainty associated with CDIAC estimates of fossil fuel carbon dioxide emission, Tellus B, 66, 23616, https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v66.23616, 2014. 
Andres, R. J., Boden, T., and Marland, G.: Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Mass of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, available at: https://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp058/ndp058_v2016.html (last access: 6 December 2019), 2016a. 
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There are now several global datasets with estimates of global CO2 emissions from fossil sources, but the totals from these differ. Sometimes the range of these estimates has been used to indicate uncertainty in global emissions. In this paper I discuss the reasons why these datasets differ, particularly their different system boundaries: which emissions sources are included and which are omitted. Analysis is both qualitative and quantitative.