Articles | Volume 14, issue 10
Data description paper
28 Oct 2022
Data description paper |  | 28 Oct 2022

Holocene spatiotemporal millet agricultural patterns in northern China: a dataset of archaeobotanical macroremains

Keyang He, Houyuan Lu, Jianping Zhang, and Can Wang

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Cited articles

An, C. B., Ji, D. X., Chen, F. H., Dong, G. H., Wang, H., Dong, W. M., and Zhao, X. Y.: Evolution of prehistoric agriculture in central Gansu Province, China: A case study in Qin'an and Li County, Chinese Sci. Bull., 55, 1925–1930,, 2010. 
Bao, Y. G., Zhou, X. Y., Liu, H. B., Hu, S. M., Zhao, K. L., Atahan, P., Dodson, J., and Li, X. Q.: Evolution of prehistoric dryland agriculture in the arid and semi-arid transition zone in northern China, PLoS One, 13, e0198750,, 2018. 
Bestel, S., Bao, Y. J., Zhong, H., Chen, X. C., and Liu, L.: Wild plant use and multi-cropping at the early Neolithic Zhuzhai site in the middle Yellow River region, China, Holocene, 28, 195–207,, 2018. 
Bova, S., Rosenthal, Y., Liu, Z. Y., Godad, S. P., and Yan, M.: Seasonal origin of the thermal maxima at the Holocene and the last interglacial, Nature, 589, 548–553,, 2021. 
Short summary
Here we presented the first quantitative spatiotemporal cropping patterns spanning the Neolithic and Bronze ages in northern China. Temporally, millet agriculture underwent a dramatic transition from low-yield broomcorn to high-yield foxtail millet around 6000 cal. a BP under the influence of climate and population. Spatially, millet agriculture spread westward and northward from the mid-lower Yellow River (MLY) to the agro-pastoral ecotone (APE) around 6000 cal. a BP and diversified afterwards.
Final-revised paper