Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 969–984, 2018
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 969–984, 2018
04 Jun 2018
04 Jun 2018

Historical nitrogen fertilizer use in agricultural ecosystems of the contiguous United States during 1850–2015: application rate, timing, and fertilizer types

Peiyu Cao et al.

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Cited articles

Alexander, R. B. and Smith, R. A.: County level estimates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer use in the United States, 1945 to 1985, U.S. Geological Survey, Books and Open-File Reports [distributor] No. 90-130, Reston, Virginia, USA, 1990.
Alexandratos, N. and Bruinsma, J.: World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 Revision, ESA Working paper No. 12-03, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2012.
Association of American Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO): Commercial Fertilizers (1986, 1996, 2006, 2012), available at:, last access: 19 November 2017.
Azam, F., Müller, C., Weiske, A., Benckiser, G., and Ottow, J.: Nitrification and denitrification as sources of atmospheric nitrous oxide-role of oxidizable carbon and applied nitrogen, Biol. Fert. Soils, 35, 54–61, 2002.
Beddow, J. M.: A bio-economic assessment of the spatial dynamics of US corn production and yields, PhD thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 2012.
Short summary
A long-term N fertilizer use history is important for both field investigators and modeling community to examine the cumulative impacts of N fertilizer uses. We developed a spatially explicit time-series data set of nitrogen fertilizer use in agricultural land of the continental US during 1850–2015 at a resolution of 5 km × 5 km based on multiple data sources and historical cropland maps. It contains nitrogen fertilizer use rate, application timing, and ammonium and nitrate form fertilizer use.