Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 363–387, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-363-2017

Special issue: Paleoclimate data synthesis and analysis of associated uncertainty...

Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 363–387, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-363-2017

  20 Jun 2017

20 Jun 2017

A 156 kyr smoothed history of the atmospheric greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, and N2O and their radiative forcing

Peter Köhler et al.

Related authors

Including the efficacy of land ice changes in deriving climate sensitivity from paleodata
Lennert B. Stap, Peter Köhler, and Gerrit Lohmann
Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 333–345, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-10-333-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-10-333-2019, 2019
Short summary
Technical Note: Calculating state dependent equilibrium climate sensitivity from palaeodata
Peter Köhler, Lennert B. Stap, Anna S. von der Heydt, Bas de Boer, and Roderik S. W. van de Wal
Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2016-23,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2016-23, 2016
Revised manuscript not accepted
Short summary
On the state dependency of the equilibrium climate sensitivity during the last 5 million years
P. Köhler, B. de Boer, A. S. von der Heydt, L. B. Stap, and R. S. W. van de Wal
Clim. Past, 11, 1801–1823, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-1801-2015,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-1801-2015, 2015
Short summary
A reconstruction of atmospheric carbon dioxide and its stable carbon isotopic composition from the penultimate glacial maximum to the last glacial inception
R. Schneider, J. Schmitt, P. Köhler, F. Joos, and H. Fischer
Clim. Past, 9, 2507–2523, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-2507-2013,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-2507-2013, 2013
Reconstruction of a continuous high-resolution CO2 record over the past 20 million years
R. S. W. van de Wal, B. de Boer, L. J. Lourens, P. Köhler, and R. Bintanja
Clim. Past, 7, 1459–1469, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-1459-2011,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-1459-2011, 2011

Related subject area

Geosciences – Palaeooceanography, Palaeoclimatology
Last interglacial sea-level history from speleothems: a global standardized database
Oana A. Dumitru, Victor J. Polyak, Yemane Asmerom, and Bogdan P. Onac
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2077–2094, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-2077-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-2077-2021, 2021
Short summary
Last interglacial sea-level proxies in East Africa and the Western Indian Ocean
Patrick Boyden, Jennifer Weil-Accardo, Pierre Deschamps, Davide Oppo, and Alessio Rovere
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 1633–1651, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1633-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1633-2021, 2021
Short summary
A multiproxy database of western North American Holocene paleoclimate records
Cody C. Routson, Darrell S. Kaufman, Nicholas P. McKay, Michael P. Erb, Stéphanie H. Arcusa, Kendrick J. Brown, Matthew E. Kirby, Jeremiah P. Marsicek, R. Scott Anderson, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, Jessica R. Rodysill, Matthew S. Lachniet, Sherilyn C. Fritz, Joseph R. Bennett, Michelle F. Goman, Sarah E. Metcalfe, Jennifer M. Galloway, Gerrit Schoups, David B. Wahl, Jesse L. Morris, Francisca Staines-Urías, Andria Dawson, Bryan N. Shuman, Daniel G. Gavin, Jeffrey S. Munroe, and Brian F. Cumming
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 1613–1632, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1613-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1613-2021, 2021
Short summary
A review of MIS 5e sea-level proxies around Japan
Evan Tam and Yusuke Yokoyama
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 1477–1497, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1477-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1477-2021, 2021
Short summary
Last interglacial (MIS 5e) sea-level proxies in southeastern South America
Evan J. Gowan, Alessio Rovere, Deirdre D. Ryan, Sebastian Richiano, Alejandro Montes, Marta Pappalardo, and Marina L. Aguirre
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 171–197, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-171-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-171-2021, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Ahn, J. and Brook, E. J.: Siple Dome ice reveals two modes of millennial CO2 change during the last ice age, Nature Communications, 5, 3723, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4723, 2014.
Ahn, J., Brook, E. J., Mitchell, L., Rosen, J., McConnell, J. R., Taylor, K., Etheridge, D., and Rubino, M.: Atmospheric CO2 over the last 1000 years: A high-resolution record from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide ice core, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 26, GB2027, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004247, 2012.
Anklin, M., Barnola, J. M., Schwander, J., Stauffer, B., and Raynaud, D.: Processes affecting the CO2 concentrations measured in Greenland ice, Tellus B, 47, 461–470, https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v47i4.16061, 1995.
Baggenstos, D., Bauska, T. K., Severinghaus, J. P., Lee, J. E., Schaefer, H., Buizert, C., Brook, E. J., Shackleton, S., and Petrenko, V. V.: Atmospheric gas records from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, reveal ancient ice with ages spanning the entire last glacial cycle, Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2017-25, in review, 2017.
Baumgartner, M., Schilt, A., Eicher, O., Schmitt, J., Schwander, J., Spahni, R., Fischer, H., and Stocker, T. F.: High-resolution interpolar difference of atmospheric methane around the Last Glacial Maximum, Biogeosciences, 9, 3961–3977, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-3961-2012, 2012.
Download
Short summary
We document our best available data compilation of published ice core records of the greenhouse gases CO2, CH4, and N2O and recent measurements on firn air and atmospheric samples covering the time window from 156 000 years BP to the beginning of the year 2016 CE. A smoothing spline method is applied to translate the discrete and irregularly spaced data points into continuous time series. The radiative forcing for each greenhouse gas is computed using well-established, simple formulations.