Articles | Volume 13, issue 9
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 4407–4423, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4407-2021
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 4407–4423, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4407-2021

Data description paper 08 Sep 2021

Data description paper | 08 Sep 2021

Recovery of the first ever multi-year lidar dataset of the stratospheric aerosol layer, from Lexington, MA, and Fairbanks, AK, January 1964 to July 1965

Juan-Carlos Antuña-Marrero et al.

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Cited articles

Ammann, C. M., Meehl, G., Washington, W. M., and Zender, C. S.: A monthly and latitudinally varying volcanic forcing dataset in simulations of 20th century climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1657, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GL016875, 2003. 
Antuña-Marrero, J.-C., Mann, G. W., Barnes, J., Rodríguez-Vega, A., Shallcross, S., Dhomse, S., Fiocco, G., and Grams, G. W.: The first ever multi-year lidar dataset of the stratospheric aerosol layer, from Lexington, MA, and Fairbanks, AK, January 1964 to July 1965, Pangaea, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922105, 2020a. 
Antuña-Marrero, J.-C., Mann, G. W., Keckhut, P., Avdyushin, S., Nardi, B., and Thomason, L. W.: Shipborne lidar measurements showing the progression of the tropical reservoir of volcanic aerosol after the June 1991 Pinatubo eruption, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2843–2851, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2843-2020, 2020b. 
Arfeuille, F., Weisenstein, D., Mack, H., Rozanov, E., Peter, T., and Brönnimann, S.: Volcanic forcing for climate modeling: a new microphysics-based data set covering years 1600–present, Clim. Past, 10, 359–375, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-359-2014, 2014. 
Brewer, A. W.: Evidence for a world circulation provided by the measurements of helium and water vapour in the stratosphere, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 75, 351–363, 1949. 
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Short summary
The first multi-year stratospheric aerosol lidar dataset was recovered and recalibrated. The vertical profile dataset, January 1964 to August 1965 at Lexington, MA, and July to August 1964 at Fairbanks, AK, provides info on volcanic forcing after the 1963 Agung eruption. Applying two-way transmittance correction to the original dataset reveals data variations, with corrected stratospheric aerosol optical depth (sAOD) highest in 1965 with the highest 532 nm sAOD peak at 0.07 in March 1965.