Articles | Volume 13, issue 6
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2471–2485, 2021
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2471–2485, 2021
Data description paper
03 Jun 2021
Data description paper | 03 Jun 2021

Intercomparisons, error assessments, and technical information on historical upper-air measurements

Noemi Imfeld et al.

Related authors

Statistical reconstruction of daily temperature and sea-level pressure in Europe for the severe winter 1788/9
Duncan Pappert, Mariano Barriendos, Yuri Brugnara, Noemi Imfeld, Sylvie Jourdain, Rajmund Przybylak, Christian Rohr, and Stefan Brönnimann
Clim. Past Discuss.,,, 2022
Preprint under review for CP
Short summary

Related subject area

Atmosphere – Meteorology
HCPD-CA: high-resolution climate projection dataset in central Asia
Yuan Qiu, Jinming Feng, Zhongwei Yan, and Jun Wang
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2195–2208,,, 2022
Short summary
Development of East Asia Regional Reanalysis based on advanced hybrid gain data assimilation method and evaluation with E3DVAR, ERA-5, and ERA-Interim reanalysis
Eun-Gyeong Yang, Hyun Mee Kim, and Dae-Hui Kim
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2109–2127,,, 2022
Short summary
EUREC4A observations from the SAFIRE ATR42 aircraft
Sandrine Bony, Marie Lothon, Julien Delanoë, Pierre Coutris, Jean-Claude Etienne, Franziska Aemisegger, Anna Lea Albright, Thierry André, Hubert Bellec, Alexandre Baron, Jean-François Bourdinot, Pierre-Etienne Brilouet, Aurélien Bourdon, Jean-Christophe Canonici, Christophe Caudoux, Patrick Chazette, Michel Cluzeau, Céline Cornet, Jean-Philippe Desbios, Dominique Duchanoy, Cyrille Flamant, Benjamin Fildier, Christophe Gourbeyre, Laurent Guiraud, Tetyana Jiang, Claude Lainard, Christophe Le Gac, Christian Lendroit, Julien Lernould, Thierry Perrin, Frédéric Pouvesle, Pascal Richard, Nicolas Rochetin, Kevin Salaün, Alfons Schwarzenboeck, Guillaume Seurat, Bjorn Stevens, Julien Totems, Ludovic Touzé-Peiffer, Gilles Vergez, Jessica Vial, Leonie Villiger, and Raphaela Vogel
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2021–2064,,, 2022
Short summary
Observations of marine cold-air outbreaks: a comprehensive data set of airborne and dropsonde measurements from the Springtime Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment (STABLE)
Janosch Michaelis, Amelie U. Schmitt, Christof Lüpkes, Jörg Hartmann, Gerit Birnbaum, and Timo Vihma
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 1621–1637,,, 2022
Short summary
Water vapor in cold and clean atmosphere: a 3-year data set in the boundary layer of Dome C, East Antarctic Plateau
Christophe Genthon, Dana E. Veron, Etienne Vignon, Jean-Baptiste Madeleine, and Luc Piard
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 1571–1580,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Assmann, R., Moedebeck, H., and Hergesell, H.: Zur Geschichte der internationalen Ballonfahrten, Illustrierte Aeronautische Mitteilungen, 1898, 49–51, 1898. 
Balagurov, A. M. and Fridzon, M. B.: Investigation of the temperature impact on humidity sensors of radiosonde RKZ and capabilities of its rationing, CAO Proceedings, 151, 28–33, 1983. 
Balagurov, A. M., Fridzon, M. B., and Dozortsev, A. P.: Estimating the time constant of radiosondes' sorption humidity sensors, Meteor. Gidrol., 4, 114–117, 1984. 
Beelitz, P.: Bearbeitung der Ergebnisse der Radiosonden-Aufstiege anläßlich des 2. Weltvergleichs von Radiosonden in Payerne (Schweiz) 1956, Meteorologische Abhandlungen, Band VII, Heft 4, Dietrich Reimer, Berlin, 1958. 
Short summary
Upper-air data form the backbone of reanalysis products, particularly in the pre-satellite era. However, historical upper-air data are error-prone because measurements at high altitude were especially challenging. Here, we present a collection of data from historical intercomparisons of radiosondes and error assessments reaching back to the 1930s that may allow us to better characterize such errors. The full database, including digitized data, images, and metadata, is made publicly available.