Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
Data description paper
08 Nov 2022
Data description paper |  | 08 Nov 2022

The polar mesospheric cloud dataset of the Balloon Lidar Experiment (BOLIDE)

Natalie Kaifler, Bernd Kaifler, Markus Rapp, and David C. Fritts

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Cited articles

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Berger, U., Baumgarten, G., Fiedler, J., and Lübken, F.-J.: A new description of probability density distributions of polar mesospheric clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4685–4702,, 2019. a, b
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Chandran, A., Rusch, D., Palo, S., Thomas, G., and Taylor, M.: Gravity wave observations in the summertime polar mesosphere from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) experiment on the AIM spacecraft, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 71, 392–400,, 2009. a
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Short summary
We measured polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs), our Earth’s highest clouds at the edge of space, with a Rayleigh lidar from a stratospheric balloon. We describe how we derive the cloud’s brightness and discuss the stability of the gondola pointing and the sensitivity of our measurements. We present our high-resolution PMC dataset that is used to study dynamical processes in the upper mesosphere, e.g. regarding gravity waves, mesospheric bores, vortex rings, and Kelvin–Helmholtz instabilities.