Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 211–220, 2017
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 211–220, 2017
Review article
21 Mar 2017
Review article | 21 Mar 2017

From pole to pole: 33 years of physical oceanography onboard R/V Polarstern

Amelie Driemel et al.

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Cited articles

Behrendt, A., Sumata, H., Rabe, B., and Schauer, U.: A comprehensive, quality-controlled and up-to-date data set of Arctic Ocean temperature and salinity, in preparation, 2017.
Brown, N.: The history of salinometers and CTD Sensor:systems, Oceanus, 34, 61–66, 1991.
Budéus, G. T.: Bringing laboratory salinometry to modern standards, Sea Technology Magazine, 52, 45–48,, last access: 10 January 2017, 2011.
Budéus, G. T.: FAQ to Optimare Precision Salinometer (OPS), Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, hdl:10013/epic.49362.d001, 2015.
Driemel, A., Loose, B., Grobe, H., Sieger, R., and König-Langlo, G.: 30 years of upper air soundings on board of R/V POLARSTERN, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 213–220,, 2016.
Short summary
Our oceans are always in motion – huge water masses are circulated by winds and by global seawater density gradients resulting from different water temperatures and salinities. Measuring temperature and salinity of the world's oceans is crucial e.g. to understand our climate. Since 1983, the research icebreaker Polarstern has been the basis of numerous water profile measurements in the Arctic and the Antarctic. We report on a unique collection of 33 years of polar salinity and temperature data.