Articles | Volume 9, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 211–220, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-211-2017
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 211–220, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-211-2017

Review article 21 Mar 2017

Review article | 21 Mar 2017

From pole to pole: 33 years of physical oceanography onboard R/V Polarstern

Amelie Driemel et al.

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Latest update: 27 Jul 2021
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Short summary
Our oceans are always in motion – huge water masses are circulated by winds and by global seawater density gradients resulting from different water temperatures and salinities. Measuring temperature and salinity of the world's oceans is crucial e.g. to understand our climate. Since 1983, the research icebreaker Polarstern has been the basis of numerous water profile measurements in the Arctic and the Antarctic. We report on a unique collection of 33 years of polar salinity and temperature data.