Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
28 Mar 2018
 | 28 Mar 2018

Construction of a surface air temperature series for Qingdao in China for the period 1899 to 2014

Yan Li, Birger Tinz, Hans von Storch, Qingyuan Wang, Qingliang Zhou, and Yani Zhu

Related authors

Testing the validity of regional detail in global analyses of sea surface temperature – the case of Chinese coastal waters
Yan Li, Hans von Storch, Qingyuan Wang, Qingliang Zhou, and Shengquan Tang
Ocean Sci., 15, 1455–1467,,, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

A 7-year record of vertical profiles of radar measurements and precipitation estimates at Dumont d'Urville, Adélie Land, East Antarctica
Valentin Wiener, Marie-Laure Roussel, Christophe Genthon, Étienne Vignon, Jacopo Grazioli, and Alexis Berne
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 16, 821–836,,, 2024
Short summary
Long-term monthly 0.05° terrestrial evapotranspiration dataset (1982–2018) for the Tibetan Plateau
Ling Yuan, Xuelong Chen, Yaoming Ma, Cunbo Han, Binbin Wang, and Weiqiang Ma
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 16, 775–801,,, 2024
Short summary
High-resolution (1 km) all-sky net radiation over Europe enabled by the merging of land surface temperature retrievals from geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites
Dominik Rains, Isabel Trigo, Emanuel Dutra, Sofia Ermida, Darren Ghent, Petra Hulsman, Jose Gómez-Dans, and Diego G. Miralles
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 16, 567–593,,, 2024
Short summary
Atmospheric and surface observations during the Saint John River Experiment on Cold Season Storms (SAJESS)
Hadleigh D. Thompson, Julie M. Thériault, Stephen J. Déry, Ronald E. Stewart, Dominique Boisvert, Lisa Rickard, Nicolas R. Leroux, Matteo Colli, and Vincent Vionnet
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 5785–5806,,, 2023
Short summary
Year-long buoy-based observations of the air–sea transition zone off the US west coast
Raghavendra Krishnamurthy, Gabriel García Medina, Brian Gaudet, William I. Gustafson Jr., Evgueni I. Kassianov, Jinliang Liu, Rob K. Newsom, Lindsay M. Sheridan, and Alicia M. Mahon
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 5667–5699,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Allan, R., Brohan, P., Compo, G. P., Stone, R., Luterbacher, J., and Brönnimann, S.: The international atmospheric circulation reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 1421–1425,, 2011. 
Allan, R., Endfield, G., Damodaran, V., Adamson, G., Hannaford, M., Carroll, F., Macdonald, N., Groom, N., Jones, J., Williamson, F., Hendy, E., Holper, P., Arroyo-Mora, J. P., Hughes, L., Bickers, R., and Bliuc, A.-M.: Toward integrated historical climate research: the example of Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth, WIREs Clim. Change, 7, 164–174,, 2016. 
Cao, L., Zhao, P., Yan, Z., Jones, P., and Zhu, Y.: Instrumental temperature series in eastern and central China back to the nineteenth century, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 8197–8207, doi10.1002/jgrd.50615, 2013. 
Fong, S. K., Wu, C. S., Wang, A. Y., He, X. J., Wang, T., Leong, K. H., Lai, U., and Leong, B. Q.: Analysis of surface air temperature change in Macau during 1901–2007, Adv. Clim. Change Res., 5, 12–17, 2009 (in Chinese). 
Short summary
In order to construct a long-term homogeneous surface air temperature (SAT) series (more than 100 years), based on quality control, interpolation and homogeneity methods, we objectively establish a set of homogenized monthly SAT series in Qingdao, China from 1899 to 2014. Then long-term climate change trends can be described. The SAT in Qingdao has a notable warming of 0.11 °C per decade during 1899–2014. The coldest period occurred in 1909–1918 and the warmest period occurred in 1999–2008.
Final-revised paper