Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 809–831, 2017
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 809–831, 2017
06 Nov 2017
06 Nov 2017

Volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth from 500 BCE to 1900 CE

Matthew Toohey and Michael Sigl

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Cited articles

Abbott, P. M. and Davies, S. M.: Volcanism and the Greenland ice-cores: the tephra record, Earth-Sci. Rev., 115, 173–191,, 2012.
Adolphi, F. and Muscheler, R.: Synchronizing the Greenland ice core and radiocarbon timescales over the Holocene – Bayesian wiggle-matching of cosmogenic radionuclide records, Clim. Past, 12, 15–30,, 2016.
Ammann, C. M., Meehl, G. A., Washington, W. M., and Zender, C. S.: A monthly and latitudinally varying volcanic forcing dataset in simulations of 20th century climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 59–1,, 2003.
Arfeuille, F., Weisenstein, D., Mack, H., Rozanov, E., Peter, T., and Brönnimann, S.: Volcanic forcing for climate modeling: a new microphysics-based data set covering years 1600–present, Clim. Past, 10, 359–375,, 2014.
Baillie, M. G. L.: Proposed re-dating of the European ice core chronology by seven years prior to the 7th century AD, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15813,, 2008.
Short summary
Based on ice core sulfate records from Greenland and Antarctica, the eVolv2k database provides volcanic stratospheric sulfur injection estimates from 500 BCE to 1900 CE along with reconstructed aerosol optical properties needed for climate model simulations. The eVolv2k database constitutes a significant update to prior ice-core-based volcanic forcing reconstructions for climate models, improving the accuracy of volcanic forcing, especially before 1250 CE, and extending the record by 1000 years.