Articles | Volume 13, issue 9
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 4331–4348, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4331-2021
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 4331–4348, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4331-2021

Data description paper 07 Sep 2021

Data description paper | 07 Sep 2021

Meteorological, snow and soil data (2013–2019) from a herb tundra permafrost site at Bylot Island, Canadian high Arctic, for driving and testing snow and land surface models

Florent Domine et al.

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Cited articles

Barrere, M. and Domine, F.: Snow, soil and meteorological data at Bylot Island for simulating the permafrost thermal regime and evaluating output of the SURFEXv8 land surface scheme, v. 1.0 (1979–2015), Nordicana, D29, https://doi.org/10.5885/45460CE-9B80A99D55F94D95, 2017. 
Barrere, M., Domine, F., Decharme, B., Morin, S., Vionnet, V., and Lafaysse, M.: Evaluating the performance of coupled snow–soil models in SURFEXv8 to simulate the permafrost thermal regime at a high Arctic site, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 3461–3479, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-3461-2017, 2017. 
Bartelt, P. and Lehning, M.: A physical SNOWPACK model for the Swiss avalanche warning Part I: numerical model, Cold Regions Sci. Tech., 35, 123–145, 2002. 
Bilodeau, F., Gauthier, G., and Berteaux, D.: The effect of snow cover on lemming population cycles in the Canadian High Arctic, Oecologia, 172, 1007–1016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2549-8, 2013. 
Boike, J., Kattenstroth, B., Abramova, K., Bornemann, N., Chetverova, A., Fedorova, I., Fröb, K., Grigoriev, M., Grüber, M., Kutzbach, L., Langer, M., Minke, M., Muster, S., Piel, K., Pfeiffer, E.-M., Stoof, G., Westermann, S., Wischnewski, K., Wille, C., and Hubberten, H.-W.: Baseline characteristics of climate, permafrost and land cover from a new permafrost observatory in the Lena River Delta, Siberia (1998–2011), Biogeosciences, 10, 2105–2128, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-2105-2013, 2013. 
Short summary
Current sophisticated snow physics models were mostly designed for alpine conditions and cannot adequately simulate the physical properties of Arctic snowpacks. New snow models will require Arctic data sets for forcing and validation. We provide an extensive driving and testing data set from a high Arctic herb tundra site in Canada. Unique validating data include continuous time series of snow and soil thermal conductivity and temperature profiles. Field observations in spring are provided.