Articles | Volume 13, issue 5
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2025–2051, 2021
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2025–2051, 2021

Data description paper 12 May 2021

Data description paper | 12 May 2021

Virtual water trade and water footprint of agricultural goods: the 1961–2016 CWASI database

Stefania Tamea et al.

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Cited articles

Allan, J.: Virtual water: A strategic resource – Global solutions to regional deficits, Ground Water, 36, 545–546, 1998. 
Carr, J. A., D'Odorico, P., Laio, F., and Ridolfi, L.: Recent history and geography of virtual water trade, PLoS ONE, 8, e55825,, 2013. 
Dalin, C., Konar, M., Hanasaki, N., Rinaldo, A., and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.: Evolution of the global virtual water trade network, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 109, 5989–5994,, 2012. 
D'Odorico, P., Carr, J., Dalin, C., Dell'Angelo, J., Konar, M., Laio, F., Ridolfi, L., Rosa, L., Suweis, S., Tamea, S., and Tuninetti, M.: Global virtual water trade and the hydrological cycle: patterns, drivers, and socio-environmental impacts, Environ. Res. Lett., 14, 053001,, 2019. 
Doorenbos, J., Kassam, A., and Bentvelsen, C.: Yield response to water, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, Food and Agriculture Organization, 1979. 
Short summary
The database includes water footprint and virtual water trade data for 370 agricultural goods in all countries, starting from 1961 and 1986, respectively. Data improve upon earlier datasets because of the annual variability of data and the tracing of goods’ origin within the international trade. The CWASI database aims at supporting national and global assessments of water use in agriculture and food production/consumption and welcomes contributions from the research community.