Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 295–305, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-295-2022
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 295–305, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-295-2022

Data description paper 27 Jan 2022

Data description paper | 27 Jan 2022

A national extent map of cropland and grassland for Switzerland based on Sentinel-2 data

Robert Pazúr et al.

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Cited articles

Bengtsson, J., Bullock, J. M., Egoh, B., Everson, C., Everson, T., O'Connor, T., O'Farrell, P. J., Smith, H. G., and Lindborg, R.: Grasslands-more important for ecosystem services than you might think, Ecosphere, 10, e02582, https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2582, 2019. 
Boch, S., Bedolla, A., Ecker, K. T., Ginzler, C., Graf, U., Küchler, H., Küchler, M., Nobis, M. P., Holderegger, R., and Bergamini, A.: Threatened and specialist species suffer from increased wood cover and productivity in Swiss steppes, Flora, 258, 151444, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2019.151444, 2019. 
Buchhorn, M., Lesiv, M., Tsendbazar, N. E., Herold, M., Bertels, L., and Smets, B.: Copernicus global land cover layers-collection 2, Remote Sens., 12, 1–14, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12061044, 2020. 
Buchhorn, M., Smets, B., Bertels, L., Roo, B. De, Lesiv, M., Tsendbazar, N.-E., Li, L., and Tarko, A.: Copernicus Global Land Service: Land Cover 100 m: version 3 Globe 2015–2019: Product User Manual, Zenodo [data set], https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723921, 2021. 
Bundesamt für Statistik: Arealstatistik Schweiz, Neuchâtel, [data set], available at: https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/raum-umwelt/erhebungen/area.html (last access: 20 June 2021), 2020. 
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Short summary
We mapped the distribution of cropland and permanent grassland across Switzerland, where the agricultural land is considerably spatially heterogeneous due to strong variability in topography and climate, thus presenting challenges to mapping. The resulting map has high accuracy in lowlands as well as in mountainous areas. Thus, we believe that the presented mapping approach and resulting map will provide a solid ground for further research in agricultural land cover and landscape structure.