Articles | Volume 14, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 411–447, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-411-2022
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 411–447, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-411-2022

Review article 07 Feb 2022

Review article | 07 Feb 2022

Global sea-level budget and ocean-mass budget, with a focus on advanced data products and uncertainty characterisation

Martin Horwath et al.

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Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-137', J.F. Legeais, 04 May 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on CC1', Martin Horwath, 20 May 2021
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-137', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Jun 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Martin Horwath, 19 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-137', Jianli Chen, 12 Aug 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Martin Horwath, 19 Nov 2021
  • RC3: 'Comment on essd-2021-137', Riccardo Riva, 08 Sep 2021
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC3', Martin Horwath, 19 Nov 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Martin Horwath on behalf of the Authors (19 Nov 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (25 Nov 2021) by Giuseppe M.R. Manzella
AR by Martin Horwath on behalf of the Authors (26 Nov 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (27 Nov 2021) by Giuseppe M.R. Manzella
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Short summary
Global mean sea-level change observed from 1993 to 2016 (mean rate of 3.05 mm yr−1) matches the combined effect of changes in water density (thermal expansion) and ocean mass. Ocean-mass change has been assessed through the contributions from glaciers, ice sheets, and land water storage or directly from satellite data since 2003. Our budget assessments of linear trends and monthly anomalies utilise new datasets and uncertainty characterisations developed within ESA's Climate Change Initiative.