Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Data description paper
05 Jun 2024
Data description paper |  | 05 Jun 2024

Indicators of Global Climate Change 2023: annual update of key indicators of the state of the climate system and human influence

Piers M. Forster, Chris Smith, Tristram Walsh, William F. Lamb, Robin Lamboll, Bradley Hall, Mathias Hauser, Aurélien Ribes, Debbie Rosen, Nathan P. Gillett, Matthew D. Palmer, Joeri Rogelj, Karina von Schuckmann, Blair Trewin, Myles Allen, Robbie Andrew, Richard A. Betts, Alex Borger, Tim Boyer, Jiddu A. Broersma, Carlo Buontempo, Samantha Burgess, Chiara Cagnazzo, Lijing Cheng, Pierre Friedlingstein, Andrew Gettelman, Johannes Gütschow, Masayoshi Ishii, Stuart Jenkins, Xin Lan, Colin Morice, Jens Mühle, Christopher Kadow, John Kennedy, Rachel E. Killick, Paul B. Krummel, Jan C. Minx, Gunnar Myhre, Vaishali Naik, Glen P. Peters, Anna Pirani, Julia Pongratz, Carl-Friedrich Schleussner, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Sophie Szopa, Peter Thorne, Mahesh V. M. Kovilakam, Elisa Majamäki, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Margreet van Marle, Rachel M. Hoesly, Robert Rohde, Dominik Schumacher, Guido van der Werf, Russell Vose, Kirsten Zickfeld, Xuebin Zhang, Valérie Masson-Delmotte, and Panmao Zhai
Publisher's note: the authors have alerted us that in the originally published article, an erroneous number was reported in Table 10 (2014–2023 should read 1.81 °C in the third column, not 1.74 °C). This has been corrected and Fig. 11 updated accordingly. Everything else remains unchanged.


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Ken Mankoff, 08 May 2024
  • CC2: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Rasmus Benestad, 13 May 2024
  • CC3: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Rasmus Benestad, 13 May 2024
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Matthew Jones, 19 May 2024
  • CC4: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Gareth S. Jones, 20 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', David Huard, 22 May 2024
  • AC1: 'Comment on essd-2024-149', Piers M. Forster, 30 May 2024

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
AR by Piers M. Forster on behalf of the Authors (30 May 2024)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Publish as is (31 May 2024) by Martina Stockhause
AR by Piers M. Forster on behalf of the Authors (31 May 2024)

Please read the editorial note first before accessing the article.

Short summary
This paper tracks some key indicators of global warming through time, from 1850 through to the end of 2023. It is designed to give an authoritative estimate of global warming to date and its causes. We find that in 2023, global warming reached 1.3 °C and is increasing at over 0.2 °C per decade. This is caused by all-time-high greenhouse gas emissions.
Final-revised paper