Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
Data description paper
03 Mar 2023
Data description paper |  | 03 Mar 2023

Four-century history of land transformation by humans in the United States (1630–2020): annual and 1 km grid data for the HIStory of LAND changes (HISLAND-US)

Xiaoyong Li, Hanqin Tian, Chaoqun Lu, and Shufen Pan

Data sets

Land use and land cover changes in the contiguous United States from 1630 to 2020 Xiaoyong Li, Hanqin Tian, Shufen Pan, and Chaoqun Lu

Short summary
We reconstructed land use and land cover (LULC) history for the conterminous United States during 1630–2020 by integrating multi-source data. The results show the widespread expansion of cropland and urban land and the shrinking of natural vegetation in the past four centuries. Forest planting and regeneration accelerated forest recovery since the 1920s. The datasets can be used to assess the LULC impacts on the ecosystem's carbon, nitrogen, and water cycles.