Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2501–2519, 2022
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 2501–2519, 2022
Data description paper
01 Jun 2022
Data description paper | 01 Jun 2022

Soil moisture observation in a forested headwater catchment: combining a dense cosmic-ray neutron sensor network with roving and hydrogravimetry at the TERENO site Wüstebach

Maik Heistermann et al.

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Cited articles

Andreasen, M., Jensen, K. H., Desilets, D., Franz, T. E., Zreda, M., Bogena, H. R., and Looms, M. C.: Status and Perspectives on the Cosmic-Ray Neutron Method for Soil Moisture Estimation and Other Environmental Science Applications, Vadose Zone J., 16, 1–11,, 2017. a, b
Baatz, R., Bogena, H. R., Hendricks-Franssen, H.-J., Huisman, J. A., Montzka, C., and Vereecken, H.: An empirical vegetation correction for soil water content quantification using cosmic ray probes, Water Resour. Res., 51, 2030–2046,, 2015. a, b
Baroni, G., Scheiffele, L. M., Schrön, M., Ingwersen, J., and Oswald, S. E.: Uncertainty, sensitivity and improvements in soil moisture estimation with cosmic-ray neutron sensing, J. Hydrol., 564, 873–887,, 2018. a
Blöschl, G. and Grayson, R.: Spatial Observations and Interpolation, in: Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology – Observations and Modelling, edited by: Blöschl, G. and Grayson, R., 2, 17–50, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000. a
Bogena, H., Montzka, C., Huisman, J., Graf, A., Schmidt, M., Stockinger, M., von Hebel, C., Hendricks-Franssen, H., van der Kruk, J., Tappe, W., Lücke, A., Baatz, R., Bol, R., Groh, J., Pütz, T., Jakobi, J., Kunkel, R., Sorg, J., and Vereecken, H.: The TERENO-Rur Hydrological Observatory: A Multiscale Multi-Compartment Research Platform for the Advancement of Hydrological Science, Vadose Zone J., 17, 180055,, 2018. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Short summary
This paper presents a dense network of cosmic-ray neutron sensing (CRNS) to measure spatio-temporal soil moisture patterns during a 2-month campaign in the Wüstebach headwater catchment in Germany. Stationary, mobile, and airborne CRNS technology monitored the root-zone water dynamics as well as spatial heterogeneity in the 0.4 km2 area. The 15 CRNS stations were supported by a hydrogravimeter, biomass sampling, and a wireless soil sensor network to facilitate holistic hydrological analysis.