Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
Data description paper
08 Feb 2021
Data description paper |  | 08 Feb 2021

Country-level and gridded estimates of wastewater production, collection, treatment and reuse

Edward R. Jones, Michelle T. H. van Vliet, Manzoor Qadir, and Marc F. P. Bierkens

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Cited articles

Beard, J., Bierkens, M. F. P., and Bartholomeus, R.: Following the Water: Characterising de facto Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture in the Netherlands, Sustainability, 11, 5936,, 2019. 
Bierkens, M. F. P. and Wada, Y.: Non-renewable groundwater use and groundwater depletion: a review, Environ. Res. Lett., 14, 063002,, 2019. 
Country-specific data on total volume of municipal wastewater produced at the national level, available at: (last access: 5 January 2020), 2015. 
Chhipi-Shrestha, G., Hewage, K., and Sadiq, R.: Fit-for-purpose wastewater treatment: Conceptualization to development of decision support tool (I), Sci. Total Environ., 607–608, 600–612,, 2017. 
Short summary
Continually improving and affordable wastewater management provides opportunities for both pollution reduction and clean water supply augmentation. This study provides a global outlook on the state of domestic and industrial wastewater production, collection, treatment and reuse. Our results can serve as a baseline in evaluating progress towards policy goals (e.g. Sustainable Development Goals) and as input data in large-scale water resource assessments (e.g. water quality modelling).
Final-revised paper