Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2169–2182, 2020
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2169–2182, 2020
Data description paper
13 Sep 2020
Data description paper | 13 Sep 2020

Glacial lake inventory of high-mountain Asia in 1990 and 2018 derived from Landsat images

Xin Wang et al.

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Cited articles

Allen, S. K., Zhang, G., Wang, W., Yao, T., and Bolch, T.: Potentially dangerous glacial lakes across the Tibetan Plateau revealed using a large-scale automated assessment approach, Sci. Bull., 64, 435-445,, 2019. 
Arendt, A., Bliss, A., Bolch, T., Pfeffer, W. T., Cogley, J. G., and Gardner, A. S.: Randolph Glacier Inventory – A Dataset of Global Glacier Outlines: Version 5.0, Boulder Colorado, USA, 2015. 
Bolch, T., Peters, J., Yegorov, A., Pradhan, B., Buchroithner, M., and Blagoveshchensky, V.: Identification of potentially dangerous glacial lakes in the northern Tien Shan, Nat. Hazards, 59, 1691–1714,, 2011. 
Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Kääb, A., Huggel, C., Paul, F., Cogley, J. G., Frey, H., Kargel, J. S., Fujita, K., Scheel, M., Bajracharya, S., and Stoffel, M.: The State and Fate of Himalayan Glaciers, Science, 336, 310–314,, 2012. 
Brun, F., Berthier, E., Wagnon, P., Kääb, A., and Treichler, D.: A spatially resolved estimate of High Mountain Asia glacier mass balances, 2000–2016, Nat. Geosci., 10, 668–673,, 2017. 
Short summary
The theoretical and methodological bases for all processing steps including glacial lake definition and classification and lake boundary delineation are discussed based on satellite remote sensing data and GIS techniques. The relative area errors of each lake in 2018 varied 1 %–79 % with average relative area errors of ±13.2 %. In high-mountain Asia, 30 121 glacial lakes with a total area of 2080.12 ± 2.28 km2 were catalogued in 2018 with a 15.2 % average rate of increase in area in 1990–2018.