Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-210
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-210
01 Jul 2021
 | 01 Jul 2021
Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

A global CO2 flux dataset (2015–2019) inferred from OCO-2 retrievals using the Tan-Tracker inversion system

Zhe Jin, Xiangjun Tian, Rui Han, Yu Fu, Xin Li, Huiqin Mao, and Cuihong Chen

Abstract. Accurate assessment of the various sources and sinks of carbon dioxide (CO2), especially terrestrial ecosystem and ocean fluxes with high uncertainties, is important for understanding of the global carbon cycle, supporting the formulation of climate policies, and projecting future climate change. Satellite retrievals of the column-averaged dry air mole fractions of CO2 (XCO2) are being widely used to improve carbon flux estimation due to their broad spatial coverage. However, there is no consensus on the robust estimates of regional fluxes. In this study, we present a global and regional resolved terrestrial ecosystem carbon flux (NEE) and ocean carbon flux dataset for 2015–2019. The dataset was generated using the Tan-Tracker inversion system by assimilating Observing Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) column CO2 retrievals. The posterior NEE and ocean carbon fluxes were comprehensively validated by comparing posterior simulated CO2 concentrations with OCO-2 independent retrievals and Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) measurements. The validation showed that posterior carbon fluxes significantly improved the modelling of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, with global mean biases of 0.33 ppm against OCO-2 retrievals and 0.12 ppm against TCCON measurements. We described the characteristics of the dataset at global, regional, and Tibetan Plateau scales in terms of the carbon budget, annual and seasonal variations, and spatial distribution. The posterior 5-year annual mean global atmospheric CO2 growth rate was 5.35 PgC yr−1, which was within the uncertainty of the Global Carbon Budget 2020 estimate (5.49 PgC yr−1). The posterior annual mean NEE and ocean carbon fluxes were −4.07 and −3.33 PgC yr−1, respectively. Regional fluxes were analysed based on TransCom partitioning. All 11 land regions acted as carbon sinks, except for Tropical South America, which was almost neutral. The strongest carbon sinks were located in Boreal Asia, followed by Temperate Asia and North Africa. The entire Tibetan Plateau ecosystem was estimated as a carbon sink, taking up −49.52 TgC yr−1 on average, with the strongest sink occurring in eastern alpine meadows. These results indicate that our dataset captures surface carbon fluxes well and provides insight into the global carbon cycle. The dataset can be accessed at https://doi.org/10.11888/Meteoro.tpdc.271317 (Jin et al., 2021).

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Zhe Jin, Xiangjun Tian, Rui Han, Yu Fu, Xin Li, Huiqin Mao, and Cuihong Chen

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-210', Anonymous Referee #1, 24 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-210', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Aug 2021

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-210', Anonymous Referee #1, 24 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-210', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Aug 2021
Zhe Jin, Xiangjun Tian, Rui Han, Yu Fu, Xin Li, Huiqin Mao, and Cuihong Chen

Data sets

Tan-Tracker global daily NEE and ocean carbon fluxes for 2015-2019 (TT2021 dataset) Jin, Z., Tian, X., Han, R., Fu, Y., Li, X., Gao, J., Mao, H., Chen, C. https://doi.org/10.11888/Meteoro.tpdc.271317

Zhe Jin, Xiangjun Tian, Rui Han, Yu Fu, Xin Li, Huiqin Mao, and Cuihong Chen

Viewed

Total article views: 1,557 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,037 465 55 1,557 48 66
  • HTML: 1,037
  • PDF: 465
  • XML: 55
  • Total: 1,557
  • BibTeX: 48
  • EndNote: 66
Views and downloads (calculated since 01 Jul 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 01 Jul 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,436 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,436 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 15 Jun 2024
Download
Short summary
Here we present a global and regional resolved terrestrial ecosystem and ocean carbon flux dataset during 2015–2019. The dataset was generated using the Tan-Tracker inversion system by absorbing satellite CO2 observations. The posterior 5-year annual mean global net carbon emissions were 5.35 PgC yr−1; the terrestrial ecosystem and ocean sinks were −4.07 and −3.33 PgC yr−1, respectively. This dataset can help understand global and regional carbon cycle, and support climate policy formulation.
Altmetrics