Articles | Volume 7, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 223–230, 2015

Special issue: EURO-BASIN data compilations for an integrated analysis of...

Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 223–230, 2015

Review article 26 Aug 2015

Review article | 26 Aug 2015

Biogeography of key mesozooplankton species in the North Atlantic and egg production of Calanus finmarchicus

W. Melle1, J. A. Runge2, E. Head3, S. Plourde4, C. Castellani5, P. Licandro5, J. Pierson6, S. H. Jónasdóttir7, C. Johnson3, C. Broms1, H. Debes8, T. Falkenhaug1, E. Gaard8, A. Gislason9, M. R. Heath10, B. Niehoff11, T. G. Nielsen7, P. Pepin12, E. K. Stenevik1, and G. Chust13 W. Melle et al.
  • 1Institute of Marine Research, Research Group Plankton, P.O. Box 1870, 5817 Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
  • 2School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Gulf of Maine Research Institute, 350 Commercial Street, Portland, ME 04101, USA
  • 3Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, P.O. Box 1006, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4A2, Canada
  • 4Pêches et Océans Canada, Direction des Sciences océaniques et Environnementales, Institut Maurice-Lamontagne, 850 route de la Mer, C.P. 1000 Mont-Joli, QC G5H 3Z4, Canada
  • 5Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS), Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
  • 6Horn Point Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, 2020 Horns Point Road, Cambridge, MD 21613, USA
  • 7National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Jægersborgs Allé 1, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark
  • 8Faroe Marine Research Institute, Box 3051, 110 Torshavn, Faroe Islands
  • 9Marine Research Institute, Skulagata 4, P.O. Box 1390, 121 Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 10MASTS Marine Population Modeling Group, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Strathclyde, Livingstone Tower, 26 Richmond Street, Glasgow, G1 1XH, Scotland, UK
  • 11Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Polar Biological Oceanography, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 12Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, P.O. Box 5667, St. John's, NL A1C 5X1, Canada
  • 13AZTI-Tecnalia, Marine Research Division, Txatxarramendi ugartea, 48395 Sukarrieta, Spain

Abstract. Here we present a new, pan-North-Atlantic compilation of data on key mesozooplankton species, including the most important copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. Distributional data of eight representative zooplankton taxa, from recent (2000–2009) Continuous Plankton Recorder data, are presented, along with basin-scale data of the phytoplankton colour index. Then we present a compilation of data on C. finmarchicus, including observations of abundance, demography, egg production and female size, with accompanying data on temperature and chlorophyll. This is a contribution by Canadian, European and US scientists and their institutions:,, (please also see Melle et al., 2013; Castellani and Licandro, 2013; Jónasdóttir et al., 2014).