Articles | Volume 2, issue 2
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 167–175, 2010
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 167–175, 2010

  08 Jul 2010

08 Jul 2010

EPOCA/EUR-OCEANS data compilation on the biological and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification

A.-M. Nisumaa2,1, S. Pesant3, R. G. J. Bellerby5,4, B. Delille6, J. J. Middelburg8,7, J. C. Orr9, U. Riebesell10, T. Tyrrell11, D. Wolf-Gladrow12, and J.-P. Gattuso2,1 A.-M. Nisumaa et al.
  • 1CNRS-INSU, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (UMR 7093), B.P. 28, 06234 Villefranche-sur-Mer Cedex, France
  • 2Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
  • 3MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Leobener Strasse, 28359, Bremen, Germany
  • 4Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Bergen, Allégaten 55, 5007 Bergen, Norway
  • 5Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Allégaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway
  • 6Unité d'Océanographie Chimique, Université de Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
  • 7Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Centre for Estuarine and Marine Ecology, Korringaweg 7, P.O. Box 140, 4400 AC Yerseke, The Netherlands
  • 8Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 9LSCE/IPSL, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, CEA/CNRS/UVSQ, Orme des Merisiers, Bat. 712, 91191 Gif–sur-Yvette cedex, France
  • 10Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, IFM-GEOMAR, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany
  • 11School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, European Way, Southampton, Hants, SO14 3ZH, UK
  • 12AWI for Marine and Polar Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany

Abstract. The uptake of anthropogenic CO2 by the oceans has led to a rise in the oceanic partial pressure of CO2, and to a decrease in pH and carbonate ion concentration. This modification of the marine carbonate system is referred to as ocean acidification. Numerous papers report the effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms and communities but few have provided details concerning full carbonate chemistry and complementary observations. Additionally, carbonate system variables are often reported in different units, calculated using different sets of dissociation constants and on different pH scales. Hence the direct comparison of experimental results has been problematic and often misleading. The need was identified to (1) gather data on carbonate chemistry, biological and biogeochemical properties, and other ancillary data from published experimental data, (2) transform the information into common framework, and (3) make data freely available. The present paper is the outcome of an effort to integrate ocean carbonate chemistry data from the literature which has been supported by the European Network of Excellence for Ocean Ecosystems Analysis (EUR-OCEANS) and the European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA). A total of 185 papers were identified, 100 contained enough information to readily compute carbonate chemistry variables, and 81 data sets were archived at PANGAEA – The Publishing Network for Geoscientific & Environmental Data. This data compilation is regularly updated as an ongoing mission of EPOCA.

Data access: