Articles | Volume 10, issue 3
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1491–1501, 2018
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1491–1501, 2018

Review article 21 Aug 2018

Review article | 21 Aug 2018

Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN): structure and data description (1992–2017)

Amelie Driemel1, John Augustine2, Klaus Behrens3,27, Sergio Colle4, Christopher Cox5, Emilio Cuevas-Agulló6, Fred M. Denn7, Thierry Duprat8, Masato Fukuda9, Hannes Grobe1, Martial Haeffelin10, Gary Hodges11, Nicole Hyett12, Osamu Ijima9, Ain Kallis13, Wouter Knap14, Vasilii Kustov15, Charles N. Long2, David Longenecker2,*, Angelo Lupi16, Marion Maturilli17, Mohamed Mimouni18,*, Lucky Ntsangwane19, Hiroyuki Ogihara9, Xabier Olano20, Marc Olefs21, Masao Omori9, Lance Passamani12, Enio Bueno Pereira22, Holger Schmithüsen1, Stefanie Schumacher1, Rainer Sieger1,†, Jonathan Tamlyn23,*, Roland Vogt24, Laurent Vuilleumier25, Xiangao Xia26, Atsumu Ohmura27,*, and Gert König-Langlo1,* Amelie Driemel et al.
  • 1Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 2NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Division, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 3Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg – Richard-Aßmann-Observatorium, Tauche, Germany
  • 4Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil
  • 5CIRES/NOAA ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 6Izaña Atmospheric Research Center (AEMET), Tenerife, Spain
  • 7Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, USA
  • 8Meteo France, Carpentras, France
  • 9Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan
  • 10Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Paris, France
  • 11CIRES, University of Colorado Boulder, CO, USA
  • 12Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia
  • 13Estonian Environment Agency, Tõravere, Estonia
  • 14Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, the Netherlands
  • 15Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 16Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council of Italy, Bologna, Italy
  • 17Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Potsdam, Germany
  • 18Office National de la Météorologie, Algiers, Algeria
  • 19South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
  • 20National Renewable Energy Centre, Sarriguren, Spain
  • 21ZAMG – Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Vienna, Austria
  • 22Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brasil
  • 23Met Office, Exeter, Devon, UK
  • 24Meteorology Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  • 25Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, Payerne, Switzerland
  • 26LAGEO, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 27Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • *retired
  • deceased

Abstract. Small changes in the radiation budget at the earth's surface can lead to large climatological responses when persistent over time. With the increasing debate on anthropogenic influences on climatic processes during the 1980s the need for accurate radiometric measurements with higher temporal resolution was identified, and it was determined that the existing measurement networks did not have the resolution or accuracy required to meet this need. In 1988 the WMO therefore proposed the establishment of a new international Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), which should collect and centrally archive high-quality ground-based radiation measurements in 1 min resolution. BSRN began its work in 1992 with 9 stations; currently (status 2018-01-01), the network comprises 59 stations (delivering data to the archive) and 9 candidates (stations recently accepted into the network with data forthcoming to the archive) distributed over all continents and oceanic environments. The BSRN database is the World Radiation Monitoring Center (WRMC). It is hosted at the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, and now offers more than 10 300 months of data from the years 1992 to 2017. All data are available at free of charge.

Short summary
The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) collects and centrally archives high-quality ground-based radiation measurements in 1 min resolution. More than 10 300 months, i.e., > 850 years, of high-radiation data in 1 min resolution from the years 1992 to 2017 are available. The network currently comprises 59 stations collectively representing all seven continents as well as island-based stations in the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic oceans.