23 Nov 2022
23 Nov 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A Comprehensive Dataset for Earth System Models in a Permafrost Region: Meteorological, Permafrost, and Carbon Observations (2011–2020) in Northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Cuicui Mu1,2,3, Xiaoqing Peng1,2, Ran Du1,2, Hebin Liu1,2, Haodong Jin1,2, Benben Liang1,2, Mei Mu1,2, Wen Sun1,2, Chenyan Fan1,2, Xiaodong Wu4, Oliver W. Frauenfeld5, and Tingjun Zhang1,2, Cuicui Mu et al.
  • 1Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China
  • 2Observation and Research Station on Eco-Environment of Frozen Ground in the Qilian Mountains, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • 3Academy of Plateau Science and Sustainability, Qinghai Normal University, Xining, China, 810016
  • 4Cryosphere Research Station on the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resource, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China
  • 5Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX77843-3147, USA
  • deceased

Abstract. It’s important to understand the role of permafrost in the future climate and water resources management, for huge storage of soil organic carbon and ground ice in the permafrost. To date, large uncertainties still exist in permafrost simulations for many reasons. One reason is being a lack of long-term meteorological, permafrost and carbon observations. Here, we therefore present datasets for air temperatures, precipitation, soil temperature and moisture, active layer thickness, ground temperatures at different depths, soil organic carbon contents, and ecosystem carbon emission rates for the Qilian Mountains of the Northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 2011–2020. The data come from 5 automatic meteorological stations, 21 boreholes with depths from 11.5 to 149.3 m, and 12 active layer monitoring sites, which are used to obtain the hydrothermal and thermal states, and climate change in the study area. Soil organic carbon contents is available from 10 deep boreholes, down to a depth of 20 m. Ecosystem respiration rates are obtained from the prevalent vegetation types of alpine wet meadow, meadow, and steppe for the growing seasons. This decade’s high-quality datasets are expected to serve as useful inputs for earth system models, and are for researchers working in those disciplines including geophysics, ecology, and hydrology in alpine environments. The datasets are available from the National Tibetan Plateau/Third Pole Environment Data Center and can be downloaded from (Mu and Peng, 2022).

Cuicui Mu et al.

Status: open (until 18 Jan 2023)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-347', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Nov 2022 reply

Cuicui Mu et al.

Cuicui Mu et al.


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Short summary
Permafrost warming lead to greenhouse gases release to the atmosphere, resulting in a positive feedback to climate change. But, there are some uncertainties for lacks of observations. Here, we summarized a long-term observations on the meteorological, permafrost, and carbon to publish. This datasets include 5 meteorological stations, 21 boreholes 12 active layer sites, and 10 soil organic carbon contents. These are important to study the response of frozen ground to climate change.