Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2022-114
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2022-114
 
04 Aug 2022
04 Aug 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Shallow groundwater level time series and a groundwater chemistry survey from a boreal headwater catchment

Jana Erdbrügger1, Ilja van Meerveld1, Jan Seibert1,2, and Kevin Bishop2 Jana Erdbrügger et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

Abstract. Groundwater can respond quickly to precipitation and is the main contribution to streamflow in most catchments in humid, temperate climates. To better understand shallow groundwater dynamics in a boreal headwater catchment, we installed a network of groundwater wells in two areas in the Krycklan catchment in Northern Sweden: a small headwater catchment (3.5 ha, 54 wells) and a hillslope (1 ha, 21 wells). The average wells depth was 274 cm (range: 70–581 cm) and recorded the groundwater level variation at a 10–30 min interval between 18. July 2018–1. November 2020. Manual water level measurements (0–26 per well) during the summer seasons in 2018 and 2019 were used to confirm and re-calibrate the water level logger results. The groundwater level data for each well was carefully processed and quality controlled, using six data labels. The absolute and relative positions of the wells were measured with a high-precision GPS and terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) to determine differences in groundwater levels and thus groundwater gradients. During the summer of 2019, all wells with sufficient water were sampled and analyzed for electrical conductivity, pH, absorbance, anion and cation concentrations, as well as δ18O and δ2H. This combined hydrometric and hydrochemical dataset can be useful to test models that simulate groundwater dynamics and to evaluate subsurface hydrological connectivity. We therefore made the data available on https://www.safedeposit.se/projects/82 (Erdbrügger et al., 2022).

Jana Erdbrügger et al.

Status: open (until 29 Sep 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Jana Erdbrügger et al.

Data sets

Groundwater levels (2018-2020) and sampling (2019) Jana Erdbrügger, Ilja van Meerveld, Jan Seibert, Kevin Bishop https://doi.org/10.5880/fidgeo.2022.020

Jana Erdbrügger et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 94 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
72 18 4 94 2 2
  • HTML: 72
  • PDF: 18
  • XML: 4
  • Total: 94
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 2
Views and downloads (calculated since 04 Aug 2022)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 04 Aug 2022)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 77 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 77 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 08 Aug 2022
Download
Short summary
Groundwater can respond quickly to precipitation and is the main source of streamflow in most catchments in humid, temperate climates. To better understand shallow groundwater dynamics, we installed a network of groundwater wells in two boreal headwater catchments in Sweden. We recorded groundwater levels in 75 wells for two years and sampled the water and analyzed its chemical composition in one summer. This paper describes these datasets.