Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2022-41
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2022-41
 
21 Feb 2022
21 Feb 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal ESSD and is expected to appear here in due course.

The Green Edge cruise: Understanding the onset, life and fate of the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom

Flavienne Bruyant1,2, Rémi Amiraux1,2,3, Marie-Pier Amyot1, Philippe Archambault1,2, Lise Artigue4, Lucas Bardedo de Freitas2,5, Guislain Bécu1,2, Simon Bélanger2,5, Pascaline Bourgain6, Annick Bricaud7, Etienne Brouard1, Camille Brunet8, Tonya Burgers9, Danielle Caleb10, Katrine Chalut11, Hervé Clautre7, Véronique Cornet-Barthaux8, Pierre Coupel8, Marine Cusa12, Fanny Cusset1, Laeticia Dadaglio13, Marty Davelaar10, Gabriele Deslongchamps1,2, Céline Dimier7, Julie Dinasquet13, Dany Dumont2,14, Brent Else15, Igor Eulaers16, Joannie Ferland1,2, Gabrielle Filteau1,2, Marie-Hélène Forget1, Jérome Fort17, Louis Fortier1,2,, Martí Galí-Tapías1,18, Morgane Gallinari3, Svend-Erik Garbus16, Nicole Garcia8, Catherine Gérikas Ribeiro19,20, Colline Gombault21, Priscilla Gourvil22, Clémence Goyens23, Cindy Grant1,2, Pierre-Luc Grondin1,2, Pascal Guillot2,21, Sandrine Hillion3, Rachel Hussher2, Fabien Joux13, Hannah Joy-Warren24, Gabriel Joyal1,2, David Kieber25, Augustin Lafond8, José Lagunas1,2, Patrick Lajeunesse1, Catherine Lalande1,2, Jade Larivière1,2, Florence Le Gall19, Karine Leblanc8, Mathieu Leblanc1,2, Justine Legras3, Keith Levesque21, Kate-Marie Lewis24, Edouard Leymarie7, Aude Leynaert3, Thomas Linkowski21, Martine Lizotte1,2, Adriana Lopes dos Santos26, Claudie Marec1,27, Dominique Marie19, Guillaume Massé1, Philippe Massicotte1,2, Atsushi Matsuoka1,28, Lisa Miller10, Sharif Mirshak29, Nathalie Morata3,12, Brivaela Moriceau3, Philippe-Israël Morin1,2, Simon Morisset21, Anders Mosbech16, Alfonso Mucci30, Gabrielle Nadaï1,2, Christian Nozais11, Ingrid Obernosterer13, Timothe Paire1, Christos Panagiotopoulos8, Marie Parenteau1,2, Noémie Pelletier11, Marc Picheral7, Bernard Quéguiner8, Patrick Raimbault8, Joséphine Ras7, Eric Rehm1,2, Llúcia Ribot Lacosta1,31, Jean-François Rontani8, Blanche Saint-Béat1,32, Julie Sansoulet1, Noé Sardet29, Catherine Schmechtig33, Antoine Sciandra7, Richard Sempéré8, Caroline Sévigny2,14, Jordan Toullec3, Margot Tragin19, Jean-Eric Tremblay1,2, Annie-Pier Trottier1, Daniel Vaulot19,26, Anda Vladoiu34,35, Lei Xue25, Gustavo Yunda-Guarin1,2, and Marcel Babin1 Flavienne Bruyant et al.
  • 1Takuvik, LMR CNRS/Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
  • 2Québec-Océan, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
  • 3LEMAR, Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, 29280 Plouzane, France
  • 4LEGOS, University of Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, IRD, UPS, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • 5Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie (groupes BORÉAS et Québec-Océan), Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 allée des Ursulines, Rimouski G5L 3A1, QC, Canada
  • 6Société AVUNGA, Lars en Vercors, France
  • 7Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, UMR7093, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
  • 8Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), Aix-Marseille Université, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, UM110, 13288 Marseille, France
  • 9Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada
  • 10Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney BC, Canada
  • 11Québec-Océan, Département de biologie, chimie et géographie, Université du Québec à Rimouski QC, Canada
  • 12Akvaplan-niva, Fram Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
  • 13Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC), UMR7621, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls-sur-mer, France
  • 14Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski, Université du Québec à Rimouski, QC, Canada
  • 15Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary T2N 1N4, AB, Canada
  • 16Department of Biosciences – Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Denmark
  • 17Littoral Environnement et Sociétés, UMR7266, CNRS/Université de La Rochelle, France
  • 18Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 19ECOMAP, UMR7144, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Station Biologique de Roscoff, France
  • 20GEMA Center for Genomics, Ecology & Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
  • 21Amundsen Science, Université Laval, Québec QC, Canada
  • 22Roscoff Culture Collection, FR2424 CNRS/Université Sorbonne, Station Biologique, Roscoff France
  • 23Operational Directorate Natural Environment, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), 29 Rue Vautierstraat, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
  • 24Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  • 25Department o Chemistry, College of environmental sciences and forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
  • 26Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
  • 27Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, UMS3113, CNRS/Univ. Brest, Plouzane, France
  • 28School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering (SMSOE), Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS) University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA
  • 29Société Parafilm, Montréal QC, Canada
  • 30GEOTOP and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montréal QC, Canada
  • 31Balearic Islands Coastal Observing and Forecasting System, SOCIB, 07122, Edificio Naorte, Bloque A, Parc Bit, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  • 32Dyneco Pelagos, IFREMER, BP70, 29280 Plouzané, France
  • 33OSU Ecce-Terra, UMS3455, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, PARIS Cedex 5, France
  • 34LOCEAN-IPSL, UMR7159, CNRS/IRD/MNHN/Sorbonne Université, 75005 Paris, France
  • 35Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
  • deceased

Abstract. The Green Edge project was designed to investigate the onset, life and fate of a phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) in the Arctic Ocean. The lengthening of the ice-free period and the warming of seawater, amongst other factors, have induced major changes in arctic ocean biology over the last decades. Because the PSB is at the base of the Arctic Ocean food chain, it is crucial to understand how changes in the arctic environment will affect it. Green Edge was a large multidisciplinary collaborative project bringing researchers and technicians from 28 different institutions in seven countries, together aiming at understanding these changes and their impacts into the future. The fieldwork for the Green Edge project took place over two years (2015 and 2016) and was carried out from both an ice-camp and a research vessel in the Baffin Bay, canadian arctic. This paper describes the sampling strategy and the data set obtained from the research cruise, which took place aboard the Canadian Coast Guard Ship (CCGS) Amundsen in spring 2016. The dataset is available at https://doi.org/10.17882/59892 (Massicotte et al., 2019a).

Flavienne Bruyant et al.

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • EC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-41', David Carlson, 08 Mar 2022
  • RC1: 'Review of essd-2022-41', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Mar 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2022-41', Emilia Trudnowska, 12 May 2022
  • AC1: 'Response to anonymous reviewer #1', F. Bruyant, 09 Jun 2022
  • AC2: 'Response to reviewer #2 Emilia Trudnowska', F. Bruyant, 09 Jun 2022

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • EC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-41', David Carlson, 08 Mar 2022
  • RC1: 'Review of essd-2022-41', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Mar 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2022-41', Emilia Trudnowska, 12 May 2022
  • AC1: 'Response to anonymous reviewer #1', F. Bruyant, 09 Jun 2022
  • AC2: 'Response to reviewer #2 Emilia Trudnowska', F. Bruyant, 09 Jun 2022

Flavienne Bruyant et al.

Data sets

The Green Edge initiative: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom Massicotte Philippe, Amiraux Rémi, Amyot Marie-Pier, Archambault Philippe, Ardyna Mathieu, Arnaud Laurent, Artigue Lise, Aubry Cyril, Ayotte Pierre, Bécu Guislain, Bélanger Simon, Benner Ronald, Bittig Henry C., Bricaud Annick, Brossier Éric, Bruyant Flavienne, Chauvaud Laurent, Christiansen-Stowe Debra, Claustre Hervé, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique, Coupel Pierre, Cox Christine, Delaforge Aurelie, Dezutter Thibaud, Dimier Céline, Dominé Florent, Dufour Francis, Dufresne Christiane, Dumont Dany, Ehn Jens, Else Brent, Ferland Joannie, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fortier Louis, Galí Martí, Galindo Virginie, Gallinari Morgane, Garcia Nicole, Gérikas-Ribeiro Catherine, Gourdal Margaux, Gourvil Priscilla, Goyens Clemence, Grondin Pierre-Luc, Guillot Pascal, Guilmette Caroline, Houssais Marie-Noëlle, Joux Fabien, Lacour Léo, Lacour Thomas, Lafond Augustin, Lagunas José, Lalande Catherine, Laliberté Julien, Lambert-Girard Simon, Larivière Jade, Lavaud Johann, Lebaron Anita, Leblanc Karine, Le Gall Florence, Legras Justine, Lemire Mélanie, Levasseur Marie, Leymarie Edouard, Leynaert Aude, Lopes Dos Santos Adriana, Lourenço Antonio, Mah David, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Martin Nicolas, Marty Constance, Marty Sabine, Massé Guillaume, Matsuoka Atsushi, Matthes Lisa, Moriceau Brivaela, Muller Pierre-Emmanuel, Mundy C. J., Neukermans Griet , Oziel Laurent, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Pangazi Jean-Jacques, Picard Ghislain, Picheral Marc, Pinczon Du Sel France, Pogorzelec Nicole, Probert Ian, Queguiner Bernard, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Rehm Eric, Reimer Erin, Rontani Jean-François, Rysgaard Søren, Saint-Béat Blanche, Sampei Makoto, Sansoulet Julie, Schmidt Sabine, Sempéré Richard, Sévigny Caroline, Shen Yuan, Tragin Margot, Tremblay Jean-Éric, Vaulot Daniel, Verin Gauthier, Vivier Frédéric, Vladoiu Anda, Whitehead Jeremy, Babin Marcel https://doi.org/10.17882/59892

Flavienne Bruyant et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 892 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
642 224 26 892 11 15
  • HTML: 642
  • PDF: 224
  • XML: 26
  • Total: 892
  • BibTeX: 11
  • EndNote: 15
Views and downloads (calculated since 21 Feb 2022)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 21 Feb 2022)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 820 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 820 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 20 Sep 2022
Download
Short summary
This paper presents a data set acquired during a research cruise held in Baffin Bay during Spring 2016. We observed that the disappearance of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean increases both the length and spatial extent of the phytoplankton growth season. In the future, this will impact the food webs on which the local populations depend for their food supply and fisheries. This data set will provide insight to quantify these impacts and help the decision-making process for policymakers.