08 Feb 2023
 | 08 Feb 2023
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

EUPollMap: The European atlas of contemporary pollen distribution maps derived from an integrated Kriging interpolation approach

Fabio Oriani, Gregoire Mariethoz, and Manuel Chevalier

Abstract. Modern and fossil pollen data are widely used in paleoenvironmental research to characterise past environmental changes in a given location. However, their discrete and discontinuous nature can limit the inferences that can be made from them. In contrasts, deriving continuous spatial maps of the pollen presence from point-based datasets would enable more robust regional characterization of such past changes. To address this problem, we propose a comprehensive collection of European pollen presence maps including 194 pollen taxa derived from the interpolation of pollen data from the Eurasian Modern Pollen Database (EMPD v2) restricted to the Euro-Mediterranean Basin. To do so, we developed an automatic Kriging-based interpolation workflow to select an optimal geostatistical model describing the spatial variability for each taxon. The output of the interpolation model consists in a series of multivariate predictive maps of Europe at 25-km scale, showing the occurrence probability of pollen taxa, the predicted presence based on diverse probability thresholds, and the interpolation uncertainty for each taxon. Visual inspections of the maps and systematic cross-validation tests showed that the ensemble of predictions is reliable even in data-scarce regions, with a relatively low uncertainty, and robust to complex and non-stationary pollen distributions. The maps, freely distributed as GeoTIFF files, are proposed as a ready-to-use tool for spatial paleoenvironmental characterization. Since the interpolation model only uses the coordinates of the observation to spatialise the data, similar maps could also be derived for fossil pollen records, thus enabling the spatial characterization of past changes, and possibly, their subsequent use for quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions.

Fabio Oriani et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-364', Anonymous Referee #1, 13 Sep 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Fabio Oriani, 29 Sep 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2022-364', Anonymous Referee #2, 20 Sep 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Fabio Oriani, 29 Sep 2023
  • AC1: 'Authors answer to the reviewers, essd-2022-364', Fabio Oriani, 29 Sep 2023

Fabio Oriani et al.

Data sets

EUPollMap: The European atlas of contemporary pollen distribution maps Fabio Oriani, Gregoire Mariethoz, Manuel Chevalier

Model code and software

EUPollMap_scripts Fabio Oriani, Gregoire Mariethoz, Manuel Chevalier

Fabio Oriani et al.


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Short summary
Modern and fossil pollen data contain precious information to reconstruct pas climate and environment. However, these data are only achieved for single locations with no continuity in space. We present here a systematic atlas of 194 digital maps containing the spatial estimation of contemporary pollen presence over Europe. This dataset constitutes a free and ready-to-use tool to study climate, biodiversity, and environment in time and space.