02 Nov 2022
02 Nov 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

An investigation of the global uptake of CO2 by lime from 1963 to 2020

Longfei Bing1,2,3,, Mingjing Ma1,4,, Lili Liu5, Jiaoyue Wang1,2,3, Le Niu1,4, and Fengming Xi1,2,3 Longfei Bing et al.
  • 1Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
  • 2Key Laboratory of Pollution Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
  • 3Key Laboratory of Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Neutrality, Liaoning Province, Shenyang 110016, China
  • 4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 5Search CO2 (Shanghai) Environmental Science & Technology Co., Ltd.
  • These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract. Lime is responsible for the continuous and stable absorption of CO2 from the atmosphere during its cycle via the carbonation reaction. However, the magnitude of the global uptake of CO2 by lime under natural conditions remains unclear. Here, existing data on materials associated with the production, utilisation, and disposal stages of lime-containing materials were analysed using a comprehensive model to obtain regional and global estimates for the sequestration of carbon from 1963 to 2020. The CO2 emissions linked to the production of lime during the investigated period were also estimated. The results reveal that the global uptake of CO2 by lime increased from 38.25 Mt (95 % confidence interval, CI:27.85-51.38 Mt) in 1963 to 134.33 Mt (95 % CI:90.37-139.29 Mt) in 2020. Cumulatively, approximately 4.05 Gt of CO2 (95 % CI:3.02-5.25 Gt CO2) were sequestered by lime produced between 1963 and 2020, and this amount corresponds to 38.79 % of CO2 emissions from the associated process during the period. Lime-containing materials in China accounted for 63.12 % of the total uptake, and among the three stages of the lime cycle, the utilisation stage accounted for the highest CO2 sequestration (~74.05 %). The results also demonstrate that lime, which is usually omitted from emission inventories as a carbon sink, is very important to the carbon cycle. The present study indicates that the CO2 uptake by lime can reduce the carbon footprint of lime production process and provide scientific proof for further research of the potential of lime-containing materials in carbon capture and storage. The ** data utilised in the present study can be accessed at (Ma, 2022)

Longfei Bing et al.

Status: open (until 28 Dec 2022)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-327', Anonymous Referee #1, 11 Nov 2022 reply

Longfei Bing et al.

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Global uptake of CO2 by lime from 1963 to 2020 Ma, Mingjing, Bing, Longfei, Liu, Lili, Wang, Jiaoyue, Niu, Le, & Xi, Fengming

Longfei Bing et al.


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Short summary
We provided CO2 uptake inventory for global lime materials from 1963–2020, The majority of CO2 uptake were from the lime in China Our dataset and the accounting mathematical model may serve as a set of tools to improve the CO2 emission inventories and provide data support for policymakers to formulate scientific and reasonable policies under “carbon neutral” target.