05 Oct 2022
 | 05 Oct 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Hydro-PE: gridded datasets of historical and future Penman-Monteith potential evaporation for the United Kingdom

Emma L. Robinson, Matthew J. Brown, Alison L. Kay, Rosanna A. Lane, Rhian Chapman, Victoria A. Bell, and Eleanor M. Blyth

Abstract. We present two new potential evaporation datasets for the United Kingdom: a historical dataset, Hydro-PE HadUKGrid, which is derived from the HadUK-Grid gridded observed meteorology (1969–2021); and a future dataset, Hydro-PE UKCP18 RCM, which is derived from UKCP18 regional climate projections (1980–2080). Both datasets are suitable for hydrological modelling, and provide Penman-Monteith potential evapotranspiration parameterised for short grass, with and without a correction for interception on days with rainfall. The potential evapotranspiration calculations have been formulated to closely follow the methodology of the existing Meteorological Office Rainfall and Evaporation Calculation System (MORECS) potential evapotranspiration, which has historically been widely used by hydrological modellers in the United Kingdom. The two datasets have been created using the same methodology, to allow seamless modelling from past to future. Hydro-PE HadUK-Grid shows good agreement with MORECS in much of the United Kingdom, although Hydro-PE HadUK Grid is higher in the mountainous regions of Scotland and Wales. This is due to differences in the underlying meteorology, in particular the wind speed, which are themselves due to the different spatial scales of the data. Hydro-PE HadUK-Grid can be downloaded from (Brown et al., 2022) and Hydro-PE UKCP18 RCM can be downloaded from (Robinson et al., 2021).

Emma L. Robinson et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2022-288', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Nov 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2022-288', Anonymous Referee #2, 21 Mar 2023
  • AC1: 'Author response to reviewers essd-2022-288', Emma Robinson, 19 Apr 2023

Emma L. Robinson et al.

Data sets

Potential evapotranspiration derived from the UK Climate Projections 2018 Regional Climate Model ensemble 1980-2080 (Hydro-PE UKCP18 RCM) Robinson, E.L.; Kay, A.L.; Brown, M.; Chapman, R.; Bell, V.A.; Blyth, E.M.

Potential evapotranspiration derived from HadUK-Grid 1km gridded climate observations 1969-2021 (Hydro-PE HadUK-Grid) Brown, M.J.; Robinson, E.L.; Kay, A.L.; Chapman, R.; Bell, V.A.; Blyth, E.M.

Emma L. Robinson et al.


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Short summary
This work presents two new Penman-Monteith potential evaporation datasets for the UK, calculated with the same methodology applied to historical climate data (Hydro-PE HadUK-Grid) and an ensemble of future climate projections (Hydro-PE UKCP18 RCM). Both include an optional correction for evaporation of rain that lands on the surface of vegetation. The historical data are consistent with existing PE datasets and the future projections include effects of rising atmospheric CO2 on vegetation.