GeoDAR: Georeferenced global dam and reservoir dataset for bridging attributes and geolocations
- 1epartment of Geography and Geospatial Sciences, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA
- 2Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA
- 3Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
- 4Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA
- 5Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, USA
- 6Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
- 7Laboratoire d'Études en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales (LEGOS), Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES), Toulouse, France
- 8International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria
Abstract. Dams and reservoirs are among the most widespread human-made infrastructure on Earth. Despite their societal and environmental significance, spatial inventories of dams and reservoirs, even for the large ones, are insufficient. A dilemma of the existing georeferenced dam datasets is the polarized focus on either dam quantity and spatial coverage (e.g., GOODD) or detailed attributes for limited dam quantity or regions (e.g., GRanD and national inventories). One of the most comprehensive datasets, the World Register of Dams (WRD) maintained by the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), documents nearly 60,000 dams with an extensive suite of attributes. Unfortunately, WRD records are not georeferenced, limiting the benefits of their attributes for spatially explicit applications. To bridge the gap between attribute accessibility and spatial explicitness, we introduce the Georeferenced global Dam And Reservoir (GeoDAR) dataset, created by utilizing online geocoding API and multi-source inventories. We release GeoDAR in two successive versions (v1.0 and v1.1) at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13670527. GeoDAR v1.0 holds 21,051 dam points georeferenced from WRD, whereas v1.1 consists of a) 23,680 dam points after a careful harmonization between GeoDAR v1.0 and GRanD and b) 20,214 reservoir polygons retrieved from high-resolution water masks. Due to geocoding challenges, GeoDAR spatially resolved 40 % of the records in WRD which, however, comprise over 90 % of the total reservoir area, catchment area, and reservoir storage capacity. GeoDAR does not release the proprietary WRD attributes, but upon individual user requests we can assist in associating GeoDAR spatial features with the WRD attribute information that users have acquired from ICOLD. With a dam quantity triple that of GRanD, GeoDAR significantly enhances the spatial details of smaller but more widespread dams and reservoirs, and complements other existing global dam inventories. Along with its extended attribute accessibility, GeoDAR is expected to benefit a broad range of applications in hydrologic modelling, water resource management, ecosystem health, and energy planning.
Jida Wang et al.
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Jida Wang et al.
Georeferenced global Dams And Reservoirs (GeoDAR) https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13670527
Jida Wang et al.
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