16 Dec 2021
16 Dec 2021
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Wind waves in the North Atlantic from ship navigational radar: SeaVision development and its validation with Spotter wave buoy and WaveWatch III

Natalia Tilinina1,2, Dmitry Ivonin1, Alexander Gavrikov1, Vitaly Sharmar1, Sergey Gulev1,3, Alexander Suslov1, Vladimir Fadeev4, Boris Trofimov4, Sergey Bargman4, Leysan Salavatova5, Vasilisa Koshkina5, Polina Shishkova1, Olga Razorenova1, and Alexey Sokov1 Natalia Tilinina et al.
  • 1Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, RAS, Nakhimovsky ave. 36, 117997, Moscow, Russia
  • 2Université Grenoble Alpes, IGE, 70 rue de la Physique, 38400, Grenoble, France
  • 3A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, RAS, 3, Pyzhevskiy Lane, Moscow, 109017, Russia
  • 4Joint stock company "Marine Complexes and Systems", 13th line of Vasilyevsky Island, 199034, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 5Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskiy Pereulok 9, 141701, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, Russia

Abstract. The global coverage of the observational network of the wind waves is still characterized by the significant gaps in in situ observations. At the same time wind waves play an important role into the Earth’ climate system specifically in the air-sea interaction processes and energy exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere. In this paper we present the SeaVision system for measuring wind waves’ parameters in the open ocean with navigational marine X-band radar and prime data collection from the three research cruises in the North Atlantic (2020 and 2021) and Arctic (2021). Simultaneously with SeaVision observations of the wind waves we were collecting data in the same locations and time with Spotter wave buoy and running WaveWatch III model over our domains. Measurements with SeaVision were quality controlled and validated by comparison with Spotter buoy data and WaveWatch III experiments. Observations of the wind waves with navigational Xband radar are in agreement among these three sources of data, with the best agreement for wave propagation directions. The dataset that supports this paper consists of significant wave height, wave period and wave energy frequency spectrum from both SeaVision and Spotter buoy. Currently the dataset is available through the temporary link ( while supporting dataset (Tilinina et al., 2021) is in technical processing at PANGAEA repository. The dataset can be used for validation of satellite missions as well as model outputs. One of the major highlights in this study is potential of all ships navigating into the open ocean and equipped with X-band marine radar to participate into the development of another observational network for the wind waves in the open ocean once cheap and independently operating version of the SeaVision (or any other system) is available.

Natalia Tilinina et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-431', Ian Young, 22 Dec 2021
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-431', Anonymous Referee #1, 16 Jan 2022
  • CC2: 'V. Karaev', Vladimir Karaev, 05 Feb 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-431', Alamgir Hossan, 04 Apr 2022

Natalia Tilinina et al.

Data sets

Wind waves in the North Atlantic and Arctic from ship navigational radar (SeaVision system) and wave buoy Spotter during three research cruises in 2020 and 2021 Tilinina Natalia, Ivonin Dmitry , Gavrikov Alexander, Sharmar Vitaly, Gulev Sergey, Suslov Alexander, Fadeev Vladimir, Trofimov Boris, Bargman Sergey, Salavatova Leysan, Koshkina Vasilisa, Shishkova Polina, Sokov Alexey

Natalia Tilinina et al.


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Short summary
The manuscript presents dataset of the open ocean observations of the wind waves in the North Atlantic (in 2020 and 2021) on the basis of the rarely used instrument – marine navigational radar. Radar observations are validated with wave buoy measurements. The dataset has potential for satellite missions validation. This study promotes development of observational network for the wind waves on the basis of existing marine radars on the ships navigating in the open ocean.