13 Dec 2021

13 Dec 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Permafrost, active layer and meteorological data (2010–2020) from a relict permafrost site at Mahan Mountain, Northeast of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Tonghua Wu1,2, Changwei Xie1, Xiaofan Zhu1, Jie Chen1, Wu Wang1, Ren Li1, Amin Wen1, Peiqing Lou1, Dong Wang1, Chengpeng Shang1, Yune La1, Xianhua Wei1, Xin Ma1, Yongping Qiao1, Xiaodong Wu1, Qiangqiang Pang1, and Guojie Hu1 Tonghua Wu et al.
  • 1Cryosphere Research Station on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resource, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China
  • 2Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), 511458, China

Abstract. Relict permafrost presents an ideal opportunity to understand the impacts of climatic warming on the ground thermal regime since it is characterized by mean annual ground temperature close to 0 °C and relatively thin permafrost. The long-term and continuous observations of permafrost thermal state and climate background are of great importance to reveal the links between the energy balance on hourly to annual timescales, to evaluate the variations of permafrost thermal state over multi-annual periods and to validate the remote sensing dataset. Until now there are few data available in relict permafrost regions although those data are important to understand the impacts of climate changes on permafrost especially in the boundary regions between permafrost and seasonally frozen ground regions. In this study, we present 11 years of meteorological and soil data in a relict permafrost site of the Mahan Mountain on the northeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The meteorological data are comprised of air and ground surface temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, shortwave and longwave downward and upward radiation, water vapor pressure, and precipitation on half-an-hour timescale. The active layer data include daily soil temperature and soil moisture at five different depths. The permafrost data consist of ground temperature at twenty different depths up to 28.4 m. The high-quality and long-term datasets are expected to serve as accurate forcing data in land surface models and evaluate remote-sensing products for a broader geoscientific community. The datasets are available from the National Tibetan Plateau/Third Pole Environment Data Center (, Wu and Xie, 2021).

Tonghua Wu et al.

Status: open (until 07 Feb 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-429', Anonymous Referee #1, 17 Dec 2021 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-429', Anonymous Referee #2, 08 Jan 2022 reply
  • RC3: 'Comment on essd-2021-429', Anonymous Referee #3, 10 Jan 2022 reply

Tonghua Wu et al.

Data sets

Permafrost, active layer and meteorological data from a relict permafrost site at Mahan Mountain, Northeast of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010–2020) Version 2.0 Tonghua Wu and Changwei Xie

Tonghua Wu et al.


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Short summary
We presented an 11-year time series of meteorological, active layer and permafrost data at Mahan Mountain relict permafrost site, northeast of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Those data would be expected to contribute to improving and validating the permafrost models and land surface models. The release of those data would be especially helpful to study the impacts of climate change on permafrost dynamics in the boundary regions between permafrost and seasonally frozen ground.