21 Sep 2021

21 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Estimating CO2 Emissions for 108,000 European Cities

Daniel Moran1, Peter-Paul Pichler2, Heran Zheng1, Helene Muri1, Jan Klenner1, Diogo Kramel1, Johannes Többen2, Helga Weisz2, Thomas Wiedmann3, Annemie Wyckmans4, Anders Hammer Strømman1, and Kevin R. Gurney5 Daniel Moran et al.
  • 1Programme for Industrial Ecology, Department of Energy and process Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • 2Potsdam Institute for Climate Change Research (PIK), Potsdam, Germany
  • 3Sustainability Assessment Program, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UNSW Sydney, Australia
  • 4Faculty for Architecture and Design, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • 5School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA

Abstract. City-level CO2 emissions inventories are foundational for supporting the EU’s decarbonization goals. Inventories are essential for priority setting and for estimating impacts from the decarbonization transition. Here we present a new CO2 emissions inventory for 116,572 municipal and local government units in Europe. The inventory spatially disaggregates the national reported emissions, using 9 spatialization methods to distribute the 167 line items detailed in the UN's Common Reporting Framework. The novel contribution of this model is that results are provided per administrative jurisdiction at multiple administrative levels using a new spatialization approach. All data from this study is available along with an interactive map of results at

Daniel Moran et al.

Status: open (until 21 Nov 2021)

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Daniel Moran et al.

Data sets

OpenGHGMap - Europe - CO2 Emissions in 108,000 European Cities Daniel Moran

Daniel Moran et al.


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Short summary
This paper presents the modelling methods used for the website, which provides estimates of CO2 emissions for 108,000 European cities.