Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-285
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-285

  07 Dec 2021

07 Dec 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

GISD30: global 30-m impervious surface dynamic dataset from 1985 to 2020 using time-series Landsat imagery on the Google Earth Engine platform

Xiao Zhang1, Liangyun Liu1,2, Tingting Zhao1,3, Yuan Gao1, Xidong Chen1, and Jun Mi1,2 Xiao Zhang et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 3College of Geomatics, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi’an 710054, China

Abstract. Accurately mapping impervious surface dynamics has great scientific significance and application value for urban sustainable development research, anthropogenic carbon emission assessment and global ecological environment modeling. In this study, a novel and accurate global 30 m impervious surface dynamic dataset (GISD30) for 1985 to 2020 was produced using the spectral generalization method and time-series Landsat imagery, on the Google Earth Engine cloud-computing platform. Firstly, the global training samples and corresponding reflectance spectra were automatically derived from prior global 30 m land-cover products after employing the multitemporal compositing method and relative radiometric normalization. Then, spatiotemporal adaptive classification models, trained with the migrated reflectance spectra of impervious surfaces from 2020 and pervious surface samples in the same epoch for each 5° × 5° geographical tile, were applied to map the impervious surface in each period. Furthermore, a spatiotemporal consistency correction method was presented to minimize the effects of independent classification errors and improve the spatiotemporal consistency of impervious surface dynamics. Our global 30 m impervious surface dynamic model achieved an overall accuracy of 91.5 % and a kappa coefficient of 0.866 using 18,540 global time-series validation samples. Cross-comparisons with four existing global 30 m impervious surface products further indicated that our GISD30 dynamic product achieved the best performance in capturing the spatial distributions and spatiotemporal dynamics of impervious surfaces in various impervious landscapes. The statistical results indicated that the global impervious surface has doubled in the past 35 years, from 5.116 × 105 km2 in 1985 to 10.871 × 105 km2 in 2020, and Asia saw the largest increase in impervious surface area compared to other continents, with a total increase of 2.946 × 105 km2. Therefore, it was concluded that our global 30 m impervious surface dynamic dataset is an accurate and promising product, and could provide vital support in monitoring regional or global urbanization as well as in related applications. The global 30 m impervious surface dynamic dataset from 1985 to 2020 generated in this paper is free to access at http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5220816 (Liu et al., 2021b).

Xiao Zhang et al.

Status: open (until 10 Feb 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-285', Sergii Skakun, 13 Dec 2021 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2021-285', Anonymous Referee #1, 06 Jan 2022 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-285', Anonymous Referee #2, 19 Jan 2022 reply

Xiao Zhang et al.

Data sets

GISD30: global 30-m impervious surface dynamic dataset from 1985 to 2020 using time-series Landsat imagery on the Google Earth Engine platform Liangyun, Liu; Xiao, Zhang; Tingting, Zhao; Yuan, Gao; Xidong, Chen; Jun, Mi https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5220816

Xiao Zhang et al.

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Short summary
Accurately mapping impervious surface dynamics has great scientific significance and application value for urban sustainable development research, anthropogenic carbon emission assessment and global ecological environment modeling. In this study, a novel and accurate global 30 m impervious surface dynamic dataset (GISD30) for 1985 to 2020 was produced using the spectral generalization method and time-series Landsat imagery, on the Google Earth Engine cloud-computing platform.