10 Sep 2021

10 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Datasets for research on groundwater flow and its interactions with surface water in an alpine catchment on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, China

Zhao Pan1, Rui Ma1, Ziyong Sun1, Yalu Hu1, Qixin Chang2, Mengyan Ge1, Shuo Wang1, Jianwei Bu1, Xiang Long1, Yanxi Pan1, and Lusong Zhao1 Zhao Pan et al.
  • 1Hubei Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Basin Environmental Aquatic Science, School of Environmental Studies, and State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430078, China
  • 2College of Environment and Civil Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China

Abstract. Climate warming has significantly changed the hydrological cycle in cold regions, especially in areas with distributed permafrost. Groundwater flow and its interactions with surface water are important components of the hydrological process; however, few studies or modeling works have been based on long-term groundwater level, temperature, hydrogeochemistry or isotopic field observations from boreholes due to obstacles such as remote locations, limited infrastructure, and harsh work conditions. In the Hulugou catchment located in the headwater region of the Heihe River on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP), we drilled four sets of depth-specific wells and monitored the dynamic groundwater levels and temperatures at different depths. Surface water (including river water, glacier meltwater, and snow meltwater), precipitation, groundwater from boreholes, spring water, and soil water samples were collected to measure the hydrochemistry, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), and stable and radioactive isotopes at 64 sites. This study provides datasets of these groundwater parameters spanning six consecutive years of monitoring/measurements. These data can be used to investigate the groundwater flow process and the interactions between groundwater and surface water on the TP under global climate change. The datasets provided in this paper can be obtained at (Ma et al., 2021b) and will be subject to further updates.

Zhao Pan et al.

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Zhao Pan et al.

Data sets

Datasets for research on groundwater flow and its interactions with surface water in an alpine catchment on the northeast Tibetan Plateau, China Rui Ma; Ziyong Sun; Zhao Pan; Yalu Hu; Qixin Chang

Zhao Pan et al.


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Short summary
We drilled four sets of cluster wells and monitored groundwater level and temperature at different depth in an alpine catchment, northeast Tibet Plateau. The chemical and isotopic compositions of different waters including stream water, glacier/snow meltwater, soil water, spring and groundwater from boreholes were measured for six years. The data can be used to study the impact of soil freeze-thaw process and permafrost degradation on the groundwater flow and its interaction with surface water.