Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-223
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-223

  27 Sep 2021

27 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A remote sensing-based dataset to characterize the ecosystem functioning and functional diversity in the Biosphere Reserve of Sierra Nevada (SE Spain)

Beatriz P. Cazorla1,2, Javier Cabello1,2, Andrés Reyes1, Emilio Guirado1,3, Julio Peñas1,4, Antonio J. Pérez-Luque5,6, and Domingo Alcaraz-Segura1,4,5 Beatriz P. Cazorla et al.
  • 1Andalusian Center for the Assessment and Monitoring of Global Change, University of Almería, 04120, Almería, Spain
  • 2Department of Biology and Geology, University of Almería, 04120, Almería, Spain
  • 3Multidisciplinary Institute for Environment Studies “Ramon Margalef” University of Alicante, 03690, Alicante, Spain
  • 4Department of Botany, University of Granada, Av. de Fuentenueva, s/n 18071, Granada, Spain
  • 5iecolab. Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA-CEAMA) – University of Granada, Avda. Mediterráneo s/n, E-18006, Granada, Spain
  • 6Terrestrial Ecology Research Group, Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Granada, Av. Fuentenueva s/n, Granada, E‐18071 Spain

Abstract. Conservation Biology faces the challenge of safeguarding the ecosystem functions and ecological processes (water cycle, nutrients, energy flow, and community dynamics) that sustain the multiple facets of biodiversity. Characterization and evaluation of these processes and functions can be carried out through functional attributes or traits related to the exchanges of matter and energy between vegetation and the atmosphere. Based on this principle, satellite imagery can provide integrative spatiotemporal characterizations of ecosystem functions at local to global scales. Here, we provide a multi-temporal dataset at protected area level, that characterizes the spatial patterns and temporal dynamics of ecosystem functioning in the Biosphere Reserve of Sierra Nevada (Spain), captured through the spectral vegetation index EVI (Enhanced Vegetation Index, product MOD13Q1.006 from MODIS sensor) from 2001 to 2018. The database contains, at the annual scale, a synthetic map of Ecosystem Functional Types (EFTs) classes from three Ecosystem Functional Attributes (EFAs): i) descriptors of annual primary production, ii) seasonality, and iii) phenology of carbon gains. It also includes two ecosystem functional diversity indices derived from the above datasets: i) EFT richness, and ii) EFT rarity. Finally, it provides inter-annual summaries for all previous variables, i.e., their long-term means and inter-annual variabilities. The datasets are available in two open-source sites (PANGAEA: https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.924792 (Cazorla et al., 2020a) and http://obsnev.es/apps/efts_SN.html). This dataset brings to scientists, managers, and the general public, valuable information on the first characterization of ecosystem functional diversity based on primary production developed in Sierra Nevada, a biodiversity hotspot in the Mediterranean basin, and an exceptional natural laboratory for ecological research within the Long-Term Social-Ecological Research (LTSER) network.

Beatriz P. Cazorla et al.

Status: open (until 27 Nov 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Beatriz P. Cazorla et al.

Data sets

Ecosystem functioning and functional diversity of Sierra Nevada (SE Spain) Cazorla, Beatriz P.; Cabello, J.; Reyes, A.; Guirado, E.; Peñas, Julio; Pérez-Luque, Antonio Jesus; Alcaraz-Segura, D. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.924792

Beatriz P. Cazorla et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 298 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
258 37 3 298 17 2 3
  • HTML: 258
  • PDF: 37
  • XML: 3
  • Total: 298
  • Supplement: 17
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 3
Views and downloads (calculated since 27 Sep 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 27 Sep 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 283 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 283 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 24 Oct 2021
Download
Short summary
This dataset brings to scientists, managers, and the general public, valuable information on the first characterization of ecosystem functional diversity based on primary production developed in Sierra Nevada, a biodiversity hotspot in the Mediterranean basin, and an exceptional natural laboratory for ecological research within the Long-Term Social-Ecological Research (LTSER) network.