Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-171
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-171

  21 Jul 2021

21 Jul 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

The Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool: A digital tool to increase the discoverability and usability of plankton time-series data

Clare Ostle1, Kevin Paxman1, Carolyn A. Graves2, Mathew Arnold1, Felipe Artigas3, Angus Atkinson4, Anais Aubert5, Malcolm Baptie6, Beth Bear7, Jacob Bedford8, Michael Best9, Eileen Bresnan10, Rachel Brittain1, Derek Broughton1, Alexandre Budria5,11, Kathryn Cook12, Michelle Devlin7, George Graham1, Nick Halliday1, Pierre Helaouet1, Marie Johansen13, David G. Johns1, Dan Lear1, Margarita Machairopoulou10, April McKinney14, Adam Mellor14, Alex Milligan7, Sophie Pitois7, Isabelle Rombouts5, Cordula Scherer15, Paul Tett16, Claire Widdicombe4, and Abigail McQuattors-Gollop8 Clare Ostle et al.
  • 1The Marine Biological Association (MBA), The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
  • 2Centre for Environment Fisheries and AquacuΣlture Science (Cefas), Weymouth, UK
  • 3Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, Université de Lille, CNRS UMR 8187 LOG, Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences, Wimereux, France
  • 4Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, UK
  • 5Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), CRESCO, 38 UMS Patrinat, Dinard, France
  • 6Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Angus Smith Building, Maxim 6, Parklands Avenue, Eurocentral, Holytown, North Lanarkshire ML1 4WQ, UK
  • 7Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK
  • 8Marine Conservation Research Group, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK
  • 9The Environment Agency, Kingfisher House, Goldhay Way, Peterborough, PE4 6HL, UK
  • 10Marine Scotland Science, Marine Laboratory, 375 Victoria Road, Aberdeen, AB11 9DB, UK
  • 11Department of Coastal Systems, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, Texel, The Netherlands
  • 12National Oceanography Centre, European Way, Southampton, S014 3ZH, UK
  • 13Swedish meteorological and hydrological institute, Sven Kallfelts gata 15, 426 71 Vastra Frolunda. Sweden
  • 14Fisheries and Aquatic Ecosystems Branch, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, 18a Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX
  • 15Trinity Centre for Environmental Humanities, Department of History, School of Histories and Humanities, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland
  • 16Scottish Association for Marine Science, Scottish Marine Institute, Oban, PA37 1QA, UK

Abstract. Plankton form the base of the marine food web and are sensitive indicators of environmental change. Plankton time-series are therefore an essential part of monitoring progress towards global biodiversity goals, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Targets, and for informing ecosystem-based policy, such as the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Multiple plankton monitoring programmes exist in Europe, but differences in sampling and analysis methods prevent the integration of their data, constraining their utility over large spatio-temporal scales. The Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool brings together disparate European plankton datasets into a central database from which it extracts abundance time-series of plankton functional groups, called ‘lifeforms’, according to shared biological traits. This tool has been designed to make complex plankton datasets accessible and meaningful for policy, public interest, and scientificdiscovery. It allows examination of large-scale shifts in lifeform abundance or distribution (for example, holoplankton being partially replaced by meroplankton), providing clues to how the marine environment is changing. The lifeform method enables datasets with different plankton sampling and taxonomic analysis methodologies to be used together to provide insights into the response to multiple stressors and robust policy evidence for decision making. Lifeform time-series generated with the Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool currently inform plankton and food web indicators for the UK’s Marine Strategy, the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive, and for the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North- East Atlantic (OSPAR) biodiversity assessments. The Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool currently integrates 155,000 samples, containing over 44 million plankton records, from 9 different plankton datasets within UK and European Seas, collected between 1924 and 2017. Additional datasets can be added, and time-series updated. The Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool is hosted by The Archive for Marine Species and Habitats Data (DASSH) at https://www.dassh.ac.uk/lifeforms/. The lifeform outputs are linked to specific, doi-ed, versions of the Plankton Lifeform Traits Master List and each underlying dataset.

Clare Ostle et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'What an incredible solution! (Comment on essd-2021-171)', Todd OBrien, 12 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on essd-2021-171', Aleksandra Lewandowska, 20 Sep 2021

Clare Ostle et al.

Data sets

Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool Clare Ostle, Kevin Paxman, Carolyn A. Graves, Mathew Arnold, Felipe Artigas, Angus Atkinson, Anaïs Aubert, Malcolm Baptie, Beth Bear, Jacob Bedford, Michael Best, Eileen Bresnan, Rachel Brittain, Derek Broughton, Alexandre Budria, Kathryn Cook, Michelle Devlin, George Graham, Nick Halliday, Pierre Hélaouët, Marie Johansen, David G. Johns, Dan Lear, Margarita Machairopoulou, April McKinney, Adam Mellor Alex Milligan, Sophie Pitois, Isabelle Rombouts, Cordula Scherer, Paul Tett, Claire Widdicombe, and Abigail McQuatters-Gollop https://www.dassh.ac.uk/lifeforms/

Clare Ostle et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 490 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
368 109 13 490 4 7
  • HTML: 368
  • PDF: 109
  • XML: 13
  • Total: 490
  • BibTeX: 4
  • EndNote: 7
Views and downloads (calculated since 21 Jul 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 21 Jul 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 450 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 450 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 14 Oct 2021
Download
Short summary
Plankton form the base of the marine food web and are sensitive indicators of environmental change. The Plankton Lifeform Extraction Tool brings together disparate plankton datasets into a central database from which it extracts abundance time-series of plankton functional groups, called 'lifeforms', according to shared biological traits. This tool has been designed to make complex plankton datasets accessible and meaningful for policy, public interest, and scientific discovery.