15 Apr 2021

15 Apr 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A standardized database of Last interglacial (MIS 5e) sea-level indicators in Southeast Asia

Kathrine Maxwell1,2, Hildegard Westphal1,2, and Alessio Rovere2,3 Kathrine Maxwell et al.
  • 1Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT), Bremen, Germany
  • 2University of Bremen, Department of Geosciences, Germany
  • 3MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Abstract. Marine Isotope Stage 5e (the Last Interglacial, LIG) represents a process analogue for a warmer world expected for the near future. Analysis of LIG relative sea level (RSL) proxies helps in constraining both regional and global drivers of sea-level change. In Southeast Asia, several studies have reported elevation and age information on LIG RSL proxies, such as fossil coral reef terraces or tidal notches, but a standardized database of such data was hitherto missing. In this paper, we produced such sea-level database using the framework of the World Atlas of Last Interglacial Shorelines (WALIS, Overall, we screened and reviewed 14 studies on LIG sea-level indicators in Southeast Asia, from which we report 43 unique RSL proxies (42 coral reef terraces and one tidal notch), that were correlated to 134 dated samples. The database compiled in this study (Maxwell et al., 2021) is available at

Kathrine Maxwell et al.

Status: open (until 10 Jun 2021)

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Kathrine Maxwell et al.

Data sets

Database of Last Interglacial (MIS 5e) Sea-level Indicators in Southeast Asia K. Maxwell, H. Westphal, and A. Rovere

Descriptions of database fields for the World Atlas of Last Interglacial Shorelines (WALIS) A. Rovere, D. Ryan, C. Murray-Wallace, A. Simms, M. Vac-chi, A. Dutton, T. Lorscheid, P. Chutcharavan, D. Brill, M. Bartz, N. Jankowski, D. Mueller, K. Cohen, and E. Gowan

Kathrine Maxwell et al.


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Short summary
The Last Interglacial (LIG, 129–116 ka) represents a period in the Earth’s geologic history when sea level was higher than present. In this paper, a standardized database was produced after screening and reviewing LIG sea-level data from published papers in Southeast Asia. We identified 43 unique sea-level indicators (42 from coral reef terraces and one from a tidal notch) and compiled the data in the World Atlas of Last Interglacial Shorelines (WALIS).