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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-91
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-91
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  07 May 2020

07 May 2020

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A revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A satellite-derived database for stand-replacing windthrows in boreal forests of the European Russia in 1986–2017

Andrey N. Shikhov1, Alexander V. Chernokulsky2, Igor O. Azhigov1, and Anastasia V. Semakina1 Andrey N. Shikhov et al.
  • 1Perm State University, Perm, 614990, Russia
  • 2A.M.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119017, Russia

Abstract. Severe winds are among the main causes of natural disturbances in boreal and temperate forests. Here, we present a new GIS database of stand-replacing windthrows in the forest zone of the European Russia (ER) for the 1986–2017 period. Delineation of windthrows was based on the full archive of Landsat images and two Landsat-derived products on forest cover change, namely the Global Forest Change and the Eastern’ Europe Forest Cover Change datasets. Subsequent verification and analysis of each windthrow was carried out to determine a type of related storm event, its date or date range, and geometrical characteristics. The database contains 102 747 elementary areas of damaged forest that were combined into 700 windthrows caused by 486 convective or non-convective storm events. The database includes stand-replacing windthrows only, which an area > 5 ha and > 25 ha for events caused by tornadoes and other storms, respectively. Additional information contained weather station reports and event description from media sources is also provided. The total area of windthrows amounts to 2966 km2, that is 0.19 % of the forested area of the study region. Convective windstorms contribute 82.5 % to total wind-damaged area, while tornadoes and non-convective windstorms are responsible for 12.9 % and 4.6 % of this area, respectively. Most of windthrows in the ER happen in to summer that is in contrast to Western and Central Europe, where windthrows mainly occur in autumn and winter. The compiled database provides a valuable source of spatial and temporal information on windthrows in the ER and can be successfully used both in forest science and severe storm studies. The database is available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12073278.v3 (Shikhov et al., 2020).

Andrey N. Shikhov et al.

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A satellite-derived database for stand-replacing windthrows in boreal forests of the European Russia in 1986–2017 A. Shikhov, A. Chernokulsky, I. Azhigov, and A. Semakina https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12073278.v3

Andrey N. Shikhov et al.

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Short summary
Severe winds are among the main causes of forest disturbances in Russia. However, comparing with other European countries, windthrows in Russian forests remain substantially understudied. In this study, we compiled a new spatial database of stand-replacing (total) windthrows in the forest zone of the European Russia for the 1986–2017. Windthrows were delineated mainly with Landsat images. The total area of windthrows was estimated as 2966 km2 (0.19% of the total forest-covered area).
Severe winds are among the main causes of forest disturbances in Russia. However, comparing with...
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