Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-402
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-402

  15 Jan 2021

15 Jan 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal ESSD and is expected to appear here in due course.

Coastal Ocean Data Analysis Product in North America (CODAP-NA) – An internally consistent data product for discrete inorganic carbon, oxygen, and nutrients on the U.S. North American ocean margins

Li-Qing Jiang1,2, Richard A. Feely3, Rik Wanninkhof4, Dana Greeley3, Leticia Barbero4,5, Simone Alin3, Brendan R. Carter3,6, Denis Pierrot4, Charles Featherstone4, James Hooper4,5, Chris Melrose7, Natalie Monacci8, Jonathan Sharp3,6, Shawn Shellito9, Yuan-Yuan Xu4,5, Alex Kozyr1,2, Robert H. Byrne10, Wei-Jun Cai11, Jessica Cross3, Gregory C. Johnson3, Burke Hales12, Chris Langdon13, Jeremy Mathis14, Joe Salisbury9, and David W. Townsend15 Li-Qing Jiang et al.
  • 1Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA
  • 2National Centers for Environmental Information, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
  • 3Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, Washington 98115, U.S.A.
  • 4Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
  • 5Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
  • 6Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, 3737 Brooklyn Ave NE, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA
  • 7Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 28 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, Rhode Island 02882, USA
  • 8Ocean Acidification Research Center, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2150 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
  • 9Ocean Process Analysis Lab (OPAL), University of New Hampshire, 8 College Rd, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
  • 10College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, 140 7th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA
  • 11School of Marine Science and Policy, University of Delaware, 261 S. College Ave, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA
  • 12College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 2651 SW Orchard Avenue, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
  • 13Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
  • 14Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia 20057, USA
  • 15School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469 U.S.A.

Abstract. Internally-consistent, quality-controlled data products play a very important role in promoting regional to global research efforts to understand societal vulnerabilities to ocean acidification (OA). However, there are currently no such data products for the coastal ocean where most of the OA-susceptible commercial and recreational fisheries and aquaculture industries are located. In this collaborative effort, we compiled, quality controlled (QC), and synthesized two decades of discrete measurements of inorganic carbon system parameters, oxygen, and nutrient chemistry data from the U.S. North American continental shelves, to generate a data product called the Coastal Ocean Data Analysis Product for North America (CODAP-NA). There are few deep-water (> 1500 m) sampling locations in the current data product. As a result, cross-over analyses, which rely on comparisons between measurements on different cruises in the stable deep ocean, could not form the basis for cruise-to-cruise adjustments. For this reason, care was taken in the selection of data sets to include in this initial release of CODAP-NA, and only data sets from laboratories with known quality assurance practices were included. New consistency checks and outlier detections were used to QC the data. Future releases of this CODAP-NA product will use this core data product as the basis for secondary QC. We worked closely with the investigators who collected and measured these data during the QC process. This version of the CODAP-NA is comprised of 3,292 oceanographic profiles from 61 research cruises covering all continental shelves of North America, from Alaska to Mexico in the west and from Canada to the Caribbean in the east. Data for 14 variables (temperature; salinity; dissolved oxygen concentration; dissolved inorganic carbon concentration; total alkalinity; pH on the Total Scale; carbonate ion concentration; fugacity of carbon dioxide; and concentrations of silicate, phosphate, nitrate, nitrite, nitrate plus nitrite, and ammonium) have been subjected to extensive QC. CODAP-NA is available as a merged data product (Excel, CSV, MATLAB, and NetCDF, https://doi.org/10.25921/531n-c230, https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/oceans/ncei/ocads/metadata/0219960.html) (Jiang et al., 2020). The original cruise data have also been updated with data providers' consent and summarized in a table with links to NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) archives (https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/ocean-acidification-data-stewardship-oads/synthesis/NAcruises.html).

Li-Qing Jiang et al.

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2020-402', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jan 2021
  • RC2: 'review of Jiang et al - essd-2020-402', Anonymous Referee #2, 28 Mar 2021
  • AC1: 'Comment on essd-2020-402', L.-Q. Jiang, 18 Apr 2021

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on essd-2020-402', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jan 2021
  • RC2: 'review of Jiang et al - essd-2020-402', Anonymous Referee #2, 28 Mar 2021
  • AC1: 'Comment on essd-2020-402', L.-Q. Jiang, 18 Apr 2021

Li-Qing Jiang et al.

Li-Qing Jiang et al.

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Short summary
Coastal ecosystems account for most of the economic activities related to commercial and recreational fisheries and aquaculture industries, supporting about 90 % of the global fisheries yield and 80 % of known species of marine fish. Despite the large potential risks from ocean acidification (OA), internally consistent OA data products in the coastal ocean still do not exist. This paper is the first time we report a high quality OA data product in the U.S. coastal waters.