Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-274
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-274

  27 Nov 2020

27 Nov 2020

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Historical cartographic and topo-bathymetric database on the French Rhône River (17th–20th centuries)

Fanny Arnaud1, Lalandy Sehen Chanu1, Jules Grillot1, Jérémie Riquier2, Hervé Piégay1, Dad Roux-Michollet3, Georges Carrel4, and Jean-Michel Olivier5 Fanny Arnaud et al.
  • 1Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5600 EVS, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Lyon, 69342, France
  • 2Université deLyon, CNRS UMR 5600 EVS, Université Jean Monnet Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, 42023, France
  • 3Syndicat du Haut-Rhône, 73170, Yenne, France
  • 4INRAE, RECOVER, 13182, Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 5Université de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, ENTPE, UMR5023 LEHNA, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Abstract. Space and time analyses of channel changes, especially within large rivers subject to high levels of human impact, are critical to address multiple questions about rivers in the Anthropocene era. The reconstruction of long-term (> 150 year) evolutionary trajectories permits an understanding of how natural and anthropogenic factors impact hydromorphological and ecological processes in rivers, helps with the design of sustainable management and restoration options, and may also help in the assessment of future changes. However, the reconstruction of channel changes can be challenging: historical data are often scattered across many archives, and the quantity and accuracy of information generally decreases as one goes back in time. This data article provides a historical database of 350 cartographic and topo-bathymetric resources on the French Rhône River (530 km in length) compiled from the 17th to mid-20th century, with a temporal focus prior to extensive river training (1860s). The data were collected in 14 national, regional, and departmental archive services. A table describes the properties of each archived data item and its associated iconographic files. Some of the historical maps are available in a georeferenced format. A GIS layer enables one-click identification of all archive data available for a given reach of the French Rhône River. This database provides substantial new material for deeper analyses of channel changes over a longer time period and at a finer time step compared with previously available data. The database has several potential applications in geomorphology, retrospective hydraulic modelling, historical ecology, and river restoration, as well as permitting comparisons with other large and multi-impacted rivers worldwide. The dataset is available at https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922437 (Arnaud et al., 2020a). Iconographic extracts of the 350 archived items are available at http://photo.driihm.fr/index.php/category/52.

Fanny Arnaud et al.

 
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Fanny Arnaud et al.

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Cartographic and topo-bathymetric archive dataset on the French Rhône River (17th-20th centuries) Fanny Arnaud, Lalandy Sehen Chanu, Jules Grillot, Jérémie Riquier, Hervé Piégay, Dad Roux-Michollet, Georges Carrel, and Jean-Michel Olivier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922437

Fanny Arnaud et al.

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Short summary
This article provides a database of 350 cartographic and topographic resources on the 530-km-long French Rhône River, compiled from the 17th to mid-20th century in 14 national, regional, and departmental archive services. The database has several potential applications in geomorphology, retrospective hydraulic modelling, historical ecology, and sustainable river management and restoration, as well as permitting comparisons of channel changes with other large and human-impacted rivers worldwide.