Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-232
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-232

  02 Oct 2020

02 Oct 2020

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal ESSD.

Nine years of SMOS Sea Surface Salinity global maps at the Barcelona Expert Center

Estrella Olmedo, Cristina González-Haro, Nina Hoareau, Marta Umbert, Verónica González-Gambau, Justino Martínez, Carolina Gabarró, and Antonio Turiel Estrella Olmedo et al.
  • 1Barcelona Expert Center (BEC) and Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM), CSIC, P. Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain

Abstract. After more than 10 years in orbit, the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) European mission is still a unique, highquality instrument for providing Soil Moisture over land and Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) over the oceans. At the Barcelona Expert Center (BEC), a new reprocessing of 9 years (2011–2019) of global SMOS SSS maps has been generated. This work presents the algorithms used in the generation of BEC global SMOS SSS product v2.0, as well as an extensive quality assessment. Three SMOS SSS fields are distributed: a high-resolution level 3 product (with https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12601 (Olmedo et al., 2020a)) consisting of a binned SSS in 9-day maps at 0.25 × 0.25°; a low-resolution level 3 SSS computed from the binned salinity by applying a smoothening spatial window of 50-km radius; and a level 4 SSS (with https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12600 (Olmedo et al., 2020b)) consisting of daily, 0.05 × 0.05° maps that are computed by multifractal fusion with Sea Surface Temperature maps. For the validation of BEC SSS products, we have applied a battery of tests aiming at the assessment of quality of the products both in value and in structure. First, we have compared BEC SSS products with near-to-surface salinity measurements provided by Argo floats. Secondly, we have assessed the geophysical consistency of the products characterized by singularity analysis, and also the effective spatial resolutions are estimated by means of Power Density Spectra and Singularity Density Spectra. Finally, we have calculated full maps of SSS errors by using Correlated Triple Collocation. We have compared the performance of BEC SMOS product with other satellite SSS and reanalysis products. The main outcomes of this quality assessment are: i) the bias between BEC SMOS and Argo salinity is lower than 0.02 psu at global scale, while the standard deviation of their difference is lower than 0.34 and 0.27 psu for the high and low resolution level 3 fields (respectively) and 0.24 psu for the level 4 salinity; ii) the effective spatial resolution is around 40 km for all SSS products and regions; and iii) BEC SMOS level 4 product is globally the one with the lowest salinity error, while BEC SMOS low-resolution level 3 more accurate in regions strongly affected by rainfall and continental freshwater discharges.

Estrella Olmedo et al.

 
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Estrella Olmedo et al.

Data sets

BEC SMOS Sea Surface Salinity global L3 product (V.2.0) E. Olmedo, C. González-Haro, V. González-Gambau, and A. Turiel https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12601

BEC SMOS Sea Surface Salinity global L4 product (V.2.0) E. Olmedo, C. González-Haro, V. González-Gambau, and A. Turiel https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12600

Estrella Olmedo et al.

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Short summary
After more than 10 years in orbit, the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) European mission is still a unique, high quality instrument for providing Soil Moisture over land and Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) over the oceans. At the Barcelona Expert Center (BEC), a new reprocessing of 9 years (2011–2019) of global SMOS SSS maps has been generated. This work presents the algorithms used in the generation of BEC global SMOS SSS product v2.0, as well as an extensive quality assessment.