Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-228
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-228

  04 Jan 2021

04 Jan 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

CAMELS-AUS: Hydrometeorological time series and landscape attributes for 222 catchments in Australia

Keirnan J. A. Fowler1, Suwash Chandra Acharya1, Nans Addor2, Chihchung Chou1,a, and Murray C. Peel1 Keirnan J. A. Fowler et al.
  • 1Department of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  • 2Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • anow at: Department of Earth Sciences, Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract. This paper presents the Australian edition of the Catchment Attributes and Meteorology for Large-sample Studies (CAMELS) series of datasets. CAMELS-AUS comprises data for 222 unregulated catchments, combining hydrometeorological timeseries (streamflow and 18 climatic variables) with 134 attributes related to geology, soil, topography, land cover, anthropogenic influence, and hydroclimatology. The CAMELS-AUS catchments have been monitored for decades (more than 85 % have streamflow records longer than 40 years) and are relatively free of large scale changes, such as significant changes in landuse. Rating curve uncertainty estimates are provided for most (75 %) of the catchments and multiple atmospheric datasets are included, offering insights into forcing uncertainty. This dataset, the first of its kind in Australia, allows users globally to freely access catchment data drawn from Australia's unique hydroclimatology, particularly notable for its large interannual variability. Combined with arid catchment data from the CAMELS datasets for the USA and Chile, CAMELS-AUS constitutes an unprecedented resource for the study of arid-zone hydrology. CAMELS-AUS is freely downloadable from https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.921850 (Fowler et al., 2020a).

Keirnan J. A. Fowler et al.

Status: open (until 01 Mar 2021)

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Keirnan J. A. Fowler et al.

Data sets

CAMELS-AUS v1: Hydrometeorological time series and landscape attributes for 222 catchments in Australia Fowler, Keirnan, Acharya, Suwash Chandra, Addor, Nans, Chou, Chihchung, and Peel, Murray https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.921850

Keirnan J. A. Fowler et al.

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This paper presents the Australian edition of the Catchment Attributes and Meteorology for Large-sample Studies (CAMELS) series of datasets. CAMELS-AUS comprises data for 222 unregulated catchments with long term monitoring, combining hydrometeorological timeseries (streamflow and 18 climatic variables) with 134 attributes related to geology, soil, topography, land cover, anthropogenic influence, and hydroclimatology. It is freely downloadable from https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.921850.