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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-174
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-174
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  05 Aug 2020

05 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Ship- and island-based atmospheric soundings from the 2020 EUREC4A field campaign

Claudia Christine Stephan1, Sabrina Schnitt2, Hauke Schulz1, Hugo Bellenger3, Simon P. de Szoeke4, Claudia Acquistapace2,, Katharina Baier1,, Thibaut Dauhut1,, Rémi Laxenaire5,, Yanmichel Morfa-Avalos1,, Renaud Person6,7,, Estefanía Quiñones Meléndez4,, Gholamhossein Bagheri8,, Tobias Böck2,, Alton Daley9,, Johannes Güttler10,, Kevin C. Helfer11,, Sebastian A. Los12,, Almuth Neuberger1,, Johannes Röttenbacher13,, Andreas Raeke14,, Maximilian Ringel1,, Markus Ritschel1,, Pauline Sadoulet15,, Imke Schirmacher16,, M. Katharina Stolla1,, Ethan Wright5,, Benjamin Charpentier17, Alexis Doerenbecher18, Richard Wilson19, Friedhelm Jansen1, Stefan Kinne1, Gilles Reverdin20, Sabrina Speich3, Sandrine Bony3, and Bjorn Stevens1 Claudia Christine Stephan et al.
  • 1Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2Institute for Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
  • 3LMD/IPSL, CNRS, ENS, École Polytechnique, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, PSL, Research University, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
  • 4College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
  • 5Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
  • 6Sorbonne Université, CNRS, IRD, MNHN, INRAE, ENS, UMS 3455, OSU Ecce Terra, Paris, France
  • 7Sorbonne Université, CNRS, IRD, MNHN, UMR7159 LOCEAN-IPSL, Paris, France
  • 8Laboratory for Fluid Physics, Pattern Formation and Biocomplexity, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Göttingen, Germany
  • 9Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Husbands, St. James, Barbados
  • 10Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
  • 11Department of Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 12Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
  • 13Institute for Meteorology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
  • 14Deutscher Wetterdienst, Seewetteramt Hamburg, Seeschiffahrtsberatung - Bordwetterdienst, Hamburg, Germany
  • 15Météo-France, Bordeaux, France
  • 16University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 17Meteomodem, Ury, France
  • 18Météo-France and CNRS: CNRM-UMR 3589, 42 Av. G. Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex, France
  • 19Sorbonne Universite, LATMOS/IPSL, INSU/CNRS, Paris, France
  • 20LOCEAN, SU/CNRS/IRD/MNHN, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
  • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Abstract. To advance the understanding of the interplay among clouds, convection, and circulation, and its role in climate change, the EUREC4A and ATOMIC field campaigns collected measurements in the western tropical Atlantic during January and February 2020. Upper-air radiosondes were launched regularly (usually 4-hourly) from a network consisting of the Barbados Cloud Observatory (BCO) and four ships within 51–60° W, 6–16° N. From January 8 to February 19, a total of 812 radiosondes measured wind, temperature and relative humidity. In addition to the ascent, the descent was recorded for 82 % of the soundings. The soundings sampled changes in atmospheric pressure, winds, lifting condensation level, boundary layer depth, and vertical distribution of moisture associated with different ocean surface conditions, synoptic variability, and mesoscale convective organization. Raw (Level-0), quality-controlled 1-second (Level-1), and vertically gridded (Level-2) data in NetCDF format (Stephan et al., 2020) are available to the public at AERIS (https://doi.org/10.25326/62). The methods of data collection and post-processing for the radiosonde data set are described here.

Claudia Christine Stephan et al.

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Claudia Christine Stephan et al.

Data sets

Radiosonde measurements from the EUREC4A field campain C. C. Stephan https://doi.org/10.25326/62

Model code and software

EUREC4A radiosonde software Hauke Schulz https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3923087

Claudia Christine Stephan et al.

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Short summary
The EUREC4A field campaign took place in the western tropical Atlantic during January and February 2020. A total of 812 radiosondes, launched regularly (usually 4-hourly) from Barbados and four ships, measured wind, temperature and relative humidity. They sampled atmospheric variability associated with different ocean surface conditions, synoptic variability, and mesoscale convective organization. The methods of data collection and post-processing for the radiosonde data are described here.
The EUREC4A field campaign took place in the western tropical Atlantic during January and...
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